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World Bank. 2009-09-15; Washington, DC.

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predation; consumer demand; milk products; agricultural extension; livestock producers; farm; livestock husbandry; development projects; pasture management; livestock output; ecosystems; supply chain; chinese market; pastures; tourism; private sector; intensive beef production; fodder crops; safety net; livestock producer; alfalfa hay; beef; livestock productivity; mutton; breeding stock; milk; livestock numbers; small herds; daily weight gain; veterinary practice; slaughter facilities; chickens; climate change; live animals; herding; herds; animal products; national herd; animals; livestock products; forage; livelihoods; meat markets; swine; animal breeding; livestock production systems; animal productivity; veterinarians; domestic consumption; camels; carcass weight; grazing management; veterinary; livestock production; livestock disease; animal production system; nomadic pastoralism; national livestock; fodder production; horse meat; feed industry; livestock sector; agricultural production; livestock production system; goats; fodder; financial management; drinking water; breed; wool; improved breeds; feedlots; infectious diseases; herbivores; livestock insurance; animal; livestock product; animal production systems; rural livestock; dairies; extensive livestock production; crop-livestock production; food production; animal feed industry; agricultural societies; animal marketing; livestock development; pastoralists; commercialization; agricultural products; livestock; livestock health; exposure; migration; grown feeds; breed improvement; food safety; digestive tracts; milk production; integration; reserves; extension services; grasslands; artificial insemination; cash income; soils; natural resource management; livestock herders; water resources; veterinary services; rabbits; survival rate; traditional grazing; livestock feed; daily basis; farms; agriculture; absentee owners; young animals; livestock management; eggs; food safety standards; herd size; demand for livestock products; goat; grazing livestock; livestock breeds; feed production; private veterinarians; food security; vets; reproductive rates; beef cattle; herd composition; equipment; natural resource; dairy cattle; grazing; incomes; cultural practices; horses; dairy; livestock industry; animal health; meat production; pastoral nomads; animal slaughtering; safety nets; animal production; sheep; export industry; feeds; climatic events; fencing; livestock sectors; grazing animals; alternative livelihoods; processed feeds; silage; consumption of milk; abattoirs; horse; parasitic diseases; public services; disease control; bear; food supply; nomadic herders; alternative sources of income; intensive livestock production; supplementary feed; feed; livestock diseases; offal; urban centers; animal husbandry; natural pasture; animal health inputs; meat products; dairy products; action plan; diet; herders; natural resources; farmers; access to information; small ruminants; rangeland; livestock species; safe food; lamb; meat; issues; restaurants; livestock marketing; animal management; income from livestock; numbers of livestock; agricultural development; cattle numbers; feeding; domestic demand; animal feed

Abstract :

The purpose of this synthesis report is to try and draw together recent work on the sector to understand in greater detail what is driving the sector, and how these drivers and trends may play out in the future and what options are available in response. This is not a strategy for the sector, but rather an attempt to provide some clarity to the development of the sector as a basis for s ...

Pica-Ciamarra, Ugo, Baker, Derek, Morgan, Nancy, Zezza, Alberto, Azzarri, Carlo, Ly, Cheikh, Nsiima, Longin, Nouala, Simplice, Okello, Patrick, Sserugga, Joseph. 2014; World Bank, Washington, DC.

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pastoral areas; nutritional value; livestock enterprises; animal disease; livestock producers; animal protein; crops; farm; census data; market prices; livestock statistics; tropical livestock unit; private sector; smallholder producers; equines; dairy production; poultry meat; livestock information needs; beef; technical issues; livestock productivity; animal health services; milk; breeding animals; livestock numbers; domain; land cover; adult males; small herds; live animals; skin disease; animal population; zoology; milk consumption; cows; cattle population; breeds of cattle; buyer; animal products; national herd; consumer goods; domains; animal movements; information gaps; animals; livestock products; e-mail; forage; livelihoods; commerce; population growth; marketing; livestock needs; dairy board; draft power; camels; alpacas; carcass weight; livestock production; milked; oxen; national livestock; decision making process; pigs; pastoral production; scientists; wood; livestock sector; commodity; innovation; food basket; animal disease outbreaks; queries; decision making processes; agricultural production; inventory; goats; licenses; poultry; retail outlet; breeding; photo; breed; live weight; rainfall; wool; animal populations; milk yield; animal; poor livestock keepers; value chains; milk collection centers; egg production; disease transmission; suppliers; vegetation; plant; capabilities; manure; animal breeds; livestock development; economic development; zoonotic diseases; agricultural products; livestock; livestock policies; animal origin; exotic breeds; milking cows; milk production; fisheries; dairy corporation; integration; biology; pastoral production systems; artificial insemination; cash income; determinants; fences; beef production; private sector investments; ruminants; rabbits; calves; value chain; dairy boards; hunger; vaccines; telephone; farms; agriculture; milk collection; young animals; eggs; herd size; demand for livestock products; retail outlets; availability of data; data entries; livestock research; livestock unit; nutrition; users; animal traction; manure production; milk per day; electricity; animal industry; food security; cattle; performance indicators; herd composition; equipment; production process; livestock income; incomes; material; livestock information; fattening; demand for food; dairy; farm animals; butter; ngos; wildlife; business partners; copyright; animal health; technical assistance; ecological conditions; meat production; commodities; animal resources; animal production; sheep; capacity building; information gap; animal diseases; living conditions; rural development; demand for milk; public services; food supply; poverty reduction; feed quality; dairy processing; feed; raw milk; flow chart; livestock population; determinant; financial support; meat products; dairy products; joint venture; action plan; natural resources; farmers; housing; gender; small ruminants; livestock species; results; management system; pastoral economies; egg; milking; livestock data; market access; entry point; user; meat consumption; livestock inventories; collected data; meat; issues; income from livestock; targets; manufacturing; contagious bovine pleuropneumonia; livestock farming; animal feed; food products; trade data; result; agricultural research

Abstract :

This sourcebook summarizes the outputs and lessons of the Livestock in Africa: improving data for better policies project. It aims to present the challenges facing professionals collecting and analyzing livestock data and statistics and possible solutions. While the Sourcebook does not address all conceivable issues related to enhancing livestock data and underlining statistical issues, ...

World Bank. 2014-02; Washington, DC.

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pastoral populations; nutritional value; livestock enterprises; determinants; milk market; economic incentives; beef production; dairy cows; milk products; livestock producers; animal source foods; ruminants; livestock owners; animal protein; livestock markets; farm; animal dung; livestock husbandry; communal areas; supply chain; cultural reasons; livestock statistics; low income; tropical livestock unit; farms; dairy marketing; agriculture; rural household; equines; crop production; eggs; herd size; demand for livestock products; poultry meat; livestock research; tot; nutrition; goat; beef; breeds; animal power; livestock productivity; animal health services; mutton; animal industry; milk; food security; helminths; feeding practices; rural households; pig production; farming; live animals; livestock investments; livestock units; beef cattle; herd composition; equipment; milk consumption; herds; absolute value; herd structure; dairy cattle; livestock income; animal products; livestock activities; tallow; high value agricultural products; incomes; livestock farms; pork; food prices; local breed; animal welfare; collective action; pasture; animals; livestock products; livestock keepers; livelihoods; livestock information; meat markets; demand for food; livestock production systems; draft power; pig; dairy; farm animals; veterinary; livestock production; livestock industry; animal health; meat production; birds; livestock operations; animal resources; agricultural economics; pigs; animal production; sheep; livestock sector; feeds; flock; livestock assets; goats; ticks; poultry; breeding; goat meat; fodder; live weight; animal diseases; living conditions; rural development; food quality; species composition; animal; broiler producers; livestock product; poultry production; animal production systems; poverty reduction; rural livestock; food demand; village; egg production; swan; intensive livestock production; cheese; suppliers; feed; raw milk; livestock population; animal ownership; determinant; poultry science; rural areas; urbanization; meat products; herd; manure; diet; natural resources; farmers; chicken; human nutrition; housing; gender; small ruminants; vegetables; agricultural products; livestock; livestock species; animal foods; animal origin; crop residues; milk markets; egg; milking; live birds; lions; exotic breeds; livestock data; market access; food safety; livestock systems; meat; livestock ownership; fisheries; milk production; restaurants; livestock marketing; income from livestock; agricultural development; livestock outputs; feeding; economics; food products; cash income

Abstract :

This paper investigates how the development of the livestock sector can contribute to economic growth and poverty reduction in the continent, with the ultimate objective of identifying major information gaps critical to designing and implementing successful livestock sector policies and investments. As a first step, the paper presents an analysis of African consumption of animal-source ...

World Bank. 2012-01; Washington, DC.

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soils; pilot farms; nutritional value; livestock enterprises; breeders; conservation needs; beef production; dairy cows; villages; field work; lactations; livestock owners; farm; calves; pasture management; livestock output; cotton; land resources; low milk yields; natural breeding; sheep industry; pastures; farms; protein requirement; dry matter production; animal feeding; iodine; cattle production; livestock management; fodder crops; sheep flock; soil fertility; rams; first milk; nutrition; goat; beef; national milk production; breeds; genetic; livestock productivity; feed production; milk; livestock numbers; brucellosis; land tenure; field trips; grasses; tuberculosis; cattle; grazing land; small herds; daily weight gain; cotton seed; farmer; beef cattle; cattle productivity; cow production; grazing; local breed; pasture productivity; pasture production; pasture; animals; livestock products; feed supply; nutrient requirements; forage; grass growth; fattening; dry matter; predators; bulls; marketing; horses; wool industry; calving interval; animal productivity; pig; dairy; beef industry; smallholders; carcass weight; breeding season; grazing management; livestock production; milked; livestock industry; encroachment; fertilizers; springtime; animal health; meat production; cereal grains; stall feeding; breeding animal; lambs; animal production; heifers; sheep; livestock sector; extension; mortality rates; feeds; maize grain; dry periods; fencing; field survey; goats; livestock sectors; poultry; breeding; fodder; roads; rainfall; burning; colostrum; animal diseases; wool; dairy cow; pastoral system; sheep husbandry; milk yield; silage; animal manure; animal; breeding females; horse; disease control; land tenure system; pasture availability; animal production systems; feed resources; maize silage; cow productivity; animal requirements; average daily weight gain; genetics; animal housing; cottonseed; straw; feed; ewes; dairy industry; flocks; animal husbandry; milk output; forage quality; organic matter; animal health problems; dairy sector; beef herd; livestock system; conservation; diet; milk supply; natural resources; farmers; holsteins; agricultural products; livestock; grass silage; overgrazing; parasites; arable land; milking; cattle rearing systems; milking cows; lamb; cottonseed cake; pneumonia; animal agriculture; meat; issues; livestock ownership; milk production; herbage; body weight; early lactation; cattle numbers; feeding; animal feed; feed availability; animal feed requirements

Abstract :

Agriculture sector growth has made a powerful contribution to post-war economic recovery in Tajikistan, accounting for approximately one third of overall economic growth from 1998 to 2004. Sector output increased by 65 percent in real terms during this period, and has now returned to the level extant at independence in 1990. Total Factor Productivity (TFP) has also increased, by 3 perce ...

International Finance Corporation. 2014; Washington, DC. English.

Type :

Working Paper

Agrovoc Terms :

denitrification; fatigue; influenza; environmental policies; livestock producers; hogs; dry season; detergents; cattle feed; farm; tanks; biogas; veterinary drug; minimum wage; economic growth; pastures; rainwater; potable water; injuries; solid waste; springs; agitation; animal feeding; liquefaction; composting; livestock producer; precipitation; pollution; beef; surface waters; breeding stock; milk; livestock numbers; mortality; environmental; piping; chickens; climate change; live animals; sanitation; farmer; plantations; ash; cows; production processes; screening; trade unionism; pork; forced labor; animals; animal type; swine; collective bargaining; bulls; marketing; first aid; hydrogen; ponds; streams; veterinary; feed additives; workplace; livestock production; water harvesting; fish; manure management; community health; epizootic; carbon sequestration; sludge; pigs; effluents; hygiene; skilled manpower; emissions; poultry housing; edible oils; livestock sector; solid wastes; animal waste; crude protein; cattle farming; headaches; poultry; breeding; valves; drinking water; efficient use; dissolved oxygen; pathogens; animal populations; population densities; livestock veterinary; storm water; leachate; odors; animal manure; drainage; animal; migrant labor; poultry production; veterinary pharmaceuticals; feed resources; feeding animals; water contamination; trees; wastewater; animal housing; pig farm; suppliers; preventive maintenance; straw; diseased animals; wages; head injuries; insurance; fire safety; medical treatment; manure; expenditures; animal wastes; livestock; overgrazing; viruses; veterinary drugs; migration; bacteria; environmental issues; exotic breeds; electricity generation; food safety; skilled workers; pipes; pesticides; working hours; greenhouse effect; environmental performance; violence; milk production; fisheries; compost; feed costs; disinfectants; particulate; health care; carbon dioxide; campylobacter; waste combustion; child labor; animal production industry; organic wastes; pig farming; manure application; veterinary services; capital investment; high water consumption; greenhouse gases; calves; anaerobic digestion; livestock feed; employment; leaks; ground waters; fires; workers; quality control; wastewater treatment; eggs; laws; local breeds; labor laws; displacement; disease outbreaks; manure production; groundwater; electricity; diets; cattle sheds; risk factors; grasses; cattle; land degradation; aggressive; beef cattle; water pollution; ventilation; animal housing facilities; working conditions; isolation; gas concentrations; production process; production costs; livestock farms; animal welfare; water supply; carbon; waste management; pig; dairy; water meters; microorganisms; volatilization; farm animals; nutrients; livestock industry; animal rearing; wetlands; birds; livestock operations; deforestation; organic fertilizer; animal production; environmental health; veterinary inspections; sheep; irrigation; nozzles; feeds; feasibility studies; water quality; methane; farm machinery; bod; grazing animals; animal diseases; dead animals; labor regulations; environments; disease control; social issues; manure storage; climatic conditions; eutrophication; water consumption; wells; cost savings; epizootic disease; oil; poultry farms; runoff; residues; storage tanks; feed; livestock diseases; demographics; manure applications; heat; natural resources; stables; digested sludge; labor demand; land application; occupational health; meat; low volume; animal management; productivity; feeding; livestock farming; animal feed; rivers; grinders; hormones

Abstract :

Environmental and social responsibility is becoming more and more important in todayapos;s global economy. There are thousands of environmental and social codes and standards in the world today. The codes and standards define the rules and the objectives. But the challenge is in the implementation. An environmental and social management system (ESMS) helps companies to integrate the rul ...

World Bank. 2005-06; Washington, DC.

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species; animal disease; bse; industrial meat production; farm; environmental sustainability; public policy; feed-producing areas; private sector; animal feeding; public good; health systems; dairy production; vaccination campaigns; soil fertility; poultry meat; health services; skilled staff; urban areas; national level; beef; milk; breeding animals; livestock numbers; mortality; environmental; feed conversion; watershed; developing countries; legislation; milk consumption; animal products; pork; environmental regulations; animals; livestock products; transportation; swine; producers; public goods; livestock waste; smallholders; veterinary; fish; manure management; livestock waste management; pigs; foot-and-mouth disease; emissions; livestock sector; patterns of production; animal waste; national boundaries; poultry; dairy farms; breeding; wool; human population; animal; vulnerable groups; livestock populations; poultry production; spatial distribution; consumption patterns; food-borne diseases; social equity; waste recycling; environment; insurance; feed use; fertility inputs; organic matter; externalities; manure; industrial production; east european; environmental protection; health risks; urban population; pork industry; spillover; information systems; livestock; livestock revolution; livestock manure; world health organization; arable land; sustainable development; livestock environment interactions; food safety; milk production; fisheries; integration; ecosystem; government policies; chemical fertilizer; soils; international food policy research institute; avian influenza; livestock-pollution; manure application; citizens; veterinary services; bovine spongiform encephalopathy; livestock­environment interactions; greenhouse gas; vaccines; environmental policy; farms; international community; food safety standards; livestock research; dissemination; child morbidity; nutrition; disease outbreaks; groundwater; feed production; public health; heavy metals; human health; public support; environmental impact; livestock units; water pollution; western europe; feed grain; natural resource; income; air quality; animal product consumption; fossil fuels; livestock farms; intervention; animal welfare; carbon; elderly; pig; livestock specialists; dairy; management systems; inflation; food policy research; environmental management; feed management; animal health; meat production; birds; agricultural economics; biodiversity; disease surveillance; lifestyles; land use; animal production; wool processing; animal product; nutrient management; supply chains; animal diseases; poultry sector; rural development; disease control; manure storage; livestock density; poverty reduction; future growth; health effects; intensive livestock production; feed; political power; livestock­environment; livestock environment; environmental pollution; improved livelihoods; international organizations; nutrient loading; animal densities; monopolies; animal disease control; natural resources; farmers; housing; leather; small ruminants; policy instruments; immunity; economies of scale; foreign direct investment; vaccination; animal agriculture; global environment; meat; public awareness; national levels; productivity; service providers; economics

Abstract :

Fueled by fast-expanding demand, the production of meat and milk in the developing world has doubled in recent decades, and this trend is expected to continue. This expanding sector can provide income, employment, and high quality nutrition for vulnerable groups, and in many areas of the world, essential soil fertility inputs. However, as production grows, market forces, often supported by del ...

International Finance Corporation. 2015; Washington, DC. English.

Type :

Other

Agrovoc Terms :

complements; animal care; breeders; local communities; species; consumer demand; humane treatment; livestock producers; early detection; veterinary services; waste; morbidity; competitive advantage; fire; poultry systems; farm; product quality; calves; farming systems; analgesics; supply chain; contaminants; walking; intensive production systems; injuries; farms; fire risk; eggs; pregnancy; poultry operations; livestock producer; laws; salmon; beef; breeds; disease outbreaks; genetic; livestock productivity; ethology; diets; breeding stock; milk; mortality; agribusiness; audits; public health; feed conversion; farming; livestock investments; aggressive; farmer; animal welfare issues; ventilation; feed conversion efficiency; veterinary profession; animal welfare legislation; health management; turkeys; animal products; livestock activities; production costs; pork; animal welfare; social policy; animal production specialists; ducks; cultural practices; animal slaughter; water supply; fattening; predators; marketing; livestock production systems; pig; dairy; veterinary public; farm animals; veterinarians; animal transport; feeding systems; veterinary; livestock production; livestock industry; fish; animal health; nest; birds; fowl; livestock operations; pigs; biodiversity; fitness; aquaculture; animal production; digestive system; global mandate; livestock interactions; innovation; spillage; willingness to pay; live fish; mortality rates; cruelty to animals; disease prevention; research programs; flock; animal protection; farmed fish; livestock enterprise; veterinary care; mussel; poultry; dairy farms; breeding; produce; protection of animals; molds; breed; animal diseases; wool; dead animals; fresh water; animal; drainage; nursing; reproductive performance; aquatic animals; social issues; water requirements; bear; food processing; food supply; producer groups; animal nutrition; genetics; intensive livestock production; food production; disease transmission; suppliers; straw; feed; plant; animal husbandry; international organizations; genetic selection; malnutrition; action plan; animal breeds; slaughtering; natural resources; chicken; aquatic animal; biodiversity conservation; livestock; quality of life; parasites; bacteria; egg; lamb; food safety; livestock systems; meat; price premium; issues; fisheries; reserves; broiler chickens; behavioral responses; fao; litter; livestock operation; feeding

Abstract :

In the past decade, animal welfare has been increasingly recognized in importance in commercial livestock operations. Governments, academic institutions, and animal welfare professionals are addressing animal welfare at different points in the agricultural supply chain, while consumers are demanding higher standards for food safety and animal welfare. Meanwhile, regional and global init ...

World Bank. 2010-01-01; World Bank.

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virus; terrestrial animal; pandemic influenza; influenza; surveillance system; disease information systems; animal disease; physicians; disease reporting; veterinary officer; livestock producers; early detection; morbidity; biosecurity; animal health agencies; farming systems; veterinary authorities; passive surveillance; handling; tourism; global outbreak; concentration of livestock production; frozen meat; disease risk; health services; wild birds; production systems; mortality; human pandemic; patients; laboratory; rabies; pandemic planning; human deaths; hospitals; chickens; live animals; sanitation; flu; animal population; wet markets; human cases; travelers; animal products; vaccination coverage; avian flu; antibiotics; pathogen; risk analysis; pandemics; swine; aging; hemorrhagic fever; zoonotic disease; veterinarians; progressive control; transmission; emerging infectious disease; movement of people; outbreak; commercial farms; animal health code; animal health codes; hygiene; livestock sector; animal disease outbreaks; holistic approach; emerging infectious diseases; agricultural production; wildfowl; poultry culling; mutation; poultry; disease in birds; pathogens; polio; pandemic preparedness; infectious diseases; poultry production; domestic poultry; animals to humans; culled; food production; spread of diseases; disease risks; communicable diseases; antiviral; viral infections; veterinary epidemiologist; animal health service; scientific research; outbreak alert; emerging diseases; commercial producers; global public health; livestock development; chicken; laboratories; migratory species; export ban; zoonotic diseases; exercises; livestock; animal origin; food safety; control measures; direct contact; h5n1 virus; health emergency; sudden death; influenza a; health care; epidemiology; veterinary policies; avian influenza; contagious diseases; drug resistance; diagnostic capacity; veterinary public health; influenza readiness; animal health officials; rna viruses; pathologist; wild species; hpai; veterinary services; close proximity; surveillance capacity; food chain; livestock feed; vaccines; diagnoses; workers; animal health information; flights; laws; agriculture organization; animal health status; disease burden; nutrition; avian influenza control; disease outbreaks; public health; risk factors; disease information; hot spots; outbreak containment; water pollution; re-emerging diseases; working conditions; isolation; risk assessment; migrants; animal health specialists; emerging disease; intervention; ducks; movement restrictions; infectious zoonotic diseases; spanish flu; emergency operations; symptoms; cold storage facilities; flu pandemic; compensation for farmers; hospitalization; h5n1; influenza viruses; organic material; active surveillance; lyme disease; patient; animal health; meat production; antiviral drugs; birds; animal resources; infectious disease surveillance; health regulations; disease surveillance; disease outbreak; environmental health; risk of exposure; animal product; host; control strategy; diagnostic tests; deaths; health beliefs; disease control strategies; preparedness planning; animal owner; animal health authorities; animal diseases; vectors; smallholder farming; global pandemic; diagnosis; hens; cage; disease control; pandemic risk; reportable diseases; livestock density; burns; warning system; slaughtered; feed; flocks; international organizations; threat of avian flu; surveillance programs; contingency plans; risk of cross-contamination; suicide; epidemic; control strategies; population density; vaccination; acute respiratory syndrome; vector; meat; laboratory results; wild bird; aging populations; wild bird species; epidemiology training program; pathogenic avian influenza

Abstract :

Whether living in urban or rural environments, humans tend to perceive the world around them as being shaped by culture and industry more than by natural history. Humans, however, are part of a biological continuum that covers all living species. Charles Darwin's 200th birthday in 2009 could serve to remind us of this. All animals, including humans but also plants, fungi, and bacteria, ...

World Bank. 2011-06-30; Washington, DC.

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calving rates; predation; breeders; species; livestock associations; consumer demand; meat import; breeding program; livestock producers; nature reserves; dry season; customary land; cattle stations; animal protein; product quality; farming systems; pasture management; livestock inventory; supply chain; meat color; smallholder cattle; pastures; bee keeping; intensive beef production; soybean meal; livestock holding; cattle production; cattle breeding; frozen meat; bees; price increase; beer; sheep flock; day-old chicks; poultry operations; livestock producer; poultry meat; breeder; brewery; bottling; mill; beef; breeds; livestock productivity; mutton; chick; breeding stock; feeding practices; tuberculosis; pig production; domestic livestock production; accurate information; small herds; slaughter facilities; chickens; supplier; herds; livestock market; smallholder poultry; cows; poultry products; national herd; sales; pork; animals; pasture; livestock products; sale; feed supply; forage; swine; bulls; animal breeding; smallholders; veterinarians; domestic consumption; cannery; veterinary; sea freight; feed additives; livestock production; fish; nest; pigs; livestock transport; hygiene; cattle grazing; fresh meat; market supply; hazard; livestock sector; bidding; grains; agricultural production; poultry; dogs; breeding; food processors; pork value chain; breed; live weight; sheep producers; steers; wholesalers; egg collection; cold chain; animal; bird; poultry production; domestic meat; smallholder livestock; veterinary department; trees; egg production; livestock nutrition; brine; pig farm; livestock sub-sector; suppliers; crude fiber; genetic improvement; ewes; plant; slaughter fee; oil extraction; price incentive; import tariffs; herd management; retail prices; bacterial growth; soybean; slaughtering; livestock development; chicken; improved feed; livestock; bears; exposure; domestic market; retail; exotic breeds; stock management; food safety; domestic animal; fishmeal; feed costs; reserves; livestock strategy; hives; price advantage; livestock component; cleanliness; honey; competitiveness; livestock subsector; supermarkets; gross domestic product; air pollution; feed crops; livestock owners; retail trade; domestic livestock; cattle farmers; cattle owners; grain production; calves; organic products; dog; coconut plantations; agriculture; smallholder broiler production; sheep population; eggs; herd size; cattle feeding; fenced; animal feeds; anecdotal evidence; genetic; village poultry; food security; preservatives; cattle; cassava; reproductive rates; beekeeping; beef cattle; stock numbers; livestock groups; calcium; herd structure; dairy cattle; grazing; livestock activities; small-scale livestock producers; veterinary medicine; commercial farming; predators; customs inspection; pig; dairy; retail price; improved feeding; rural markets; calf mortality; meat processing; retail stores; domestic markets; animal health; meat production; birds; fowl; animal production; sheep; beef value chain; supply chains; feeds; surplus; breeding farms; fencing; field survey; surplus stock; refrigeration; substitution; protein products; consumer behavior; abattoirs; consumer confidence; import duties; cattle sector; animal nutrition; meats; dates; cattle fattening; pasture improvement; feed; offal; livestock breeding; flocks; tropical forest; mutton value chain; animal husbandry; cattle herd; meat products; refuse; livestock development project; leather; vegetables; egg; tubers; market access; soybeans; lamb; meat consumption; livestock inventories; meat; public awareness; issues; forestry sector; restaurants; fruit; livestock marketing; meat prices; small-scale producers; price levels; feeding; domestic demand; animal feed; meat price

Abstract :

This report was prepared to provide information and analysis of the Samoan livestock sub-sector for the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries through a technical assistance assignment financed by the World Bank. The Word Bank contributed technical assistance support to the Government of Samoa to help identify measures to strengthen agriculture sector institutions, to improve the perform ...

World Bank. 2011-06-27; Washington, DC.

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commercial agriculture; global markets; red meat; livestock enterprises; community participation; farming activities; small plots of land; breeding program; livestock producers; genetic material; farm; biogas; farming systems; smallholder cattle; tropical livestock unit; communal land; livestock holding; smallholder producers; cattle production; cattle breeding; smallholder agriculture; ecological zones; beef; breeds; animal health services; breeding stock; production systems; livestock numbers; live animals; sanitation; farmer; agricultural productivity; herds; livestock market; incidence of poverty; cows; cattle population; livestock owner; national herd; poverty alleviation; animals; agricultural commodities; forage; communal lands; food consumption; bulls; agricultural activities; rangeland resources; animal breeding; dry seasons; smallholders; domestic consumption; grazing management; veterinary; livestock production; agricultural output; livestock farmers; food availability; employment opportunities; farm productivity; fodder production; pigs; cash flow; farming households; livestock sales; vegetable crops; livestock sector; tenure systems; agricultural production; goats; poultry; fodder; livestock marketing systems; subsistence; breed; live weight; plant protection; feedlots; livestock development policy; animal; improved genetics; poverty reduction strategy; smallholder sector; grazing pressure; livestock nutrition; food production; feed mixers; regional markets; genetic improvement; smallholder production; rural areas; communal natural pastures; food insecurity; small farmers; manure; small-scale farming; slaughtering; livestock development; breeding ranches; pastoralists; cash-crop; livestock; overgrazing; rural growth; crop residues; exotic breeds; regional level; food safety; rural infrastructure; feed costs; food self-sufficiency; livestock subsector; land ownership; beef production; livestock distribution; feed crops; stocking rates; veterinary services; veterinary assistants; income distribution; cattle farmers; cattle owners; calves; rangeland management; smallholder systems; livestock extension; extreme poverty; farms; land productivity; income generation; sheep population; agro-ecological regions; crop production; rural roads; livestock research; vegetable production; agricultural sector; producer organizations; farmer groups; animal health care; private veterinarians; food security; land tenure; rural households; ranches; farm activities; cattle; grazing land; local farmers; beef cattle; farm production; small-scale farmers; livestock services; range management; dairy cattle; cash crops; grazing; poverty rate; food aid; benefit sharing; fattening; subsistence farming; production technology; fattening ranches; pig; dairy; beef industry; livestock industry; animal health; natural disasters; dairy productivity; animal production; rural sector; sheep; irrigation; capacity building; beef value chain; feeds; land titles; feeder stock; farm machinery; cattle ranches; agricultural sector policies; rural development; rangelands; abattoirs; disease control; bush fires; sub-region; access to irrigation; food supply; poverty reduction; poverty line; extension agents; meat industry; cattle sector; animal nutrition; household income; cattle fattening; feed; grazing resources; rural poor; animal husbandry; natural pasture; agricultural land; dairy products; agricultural finance; housing; vegetables; rangeland; livestock species; smallholder farmers; diversification; food industry; vulnerability assessment; commercial farmers; rural economy; food preferences; meat; export markets; livestock marketing; rangeland degradation; small-scale producers; agricultural development; cattle industry; feeding; land law; soil degradation

Abstract :

The specific objective of this policy note is to derive insights that can contribute to rapid and sustainable integration of small-scale farmers into the livestock and horticulture value chains in Swaziland. It seeks to do this by identifying constraints that may be contributing to poor performance in the two value chains, evaluating technological options that could improve productivity ...

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