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The National Agricultural Library is one of four national libraries of the United States, with locations in Beltsville, Maryland and Washington, D.C. It houses one of the world's largest and most accessible agricultural information collections and serves as the nexus for a national network of state land-grant and U.S. Department of Agriculture field libraries. In fiscal year 2011 (Oct 2010 through Sept 2011) NAL delivered more than 100 million direct customer service transactions.

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Journal Article

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Impact of seawater intrusion and disposal of desalinization brines on groundwater quality in El Gouna, Egypt, Red Sea Area. Process analyses by means of chemical and isotopic signatures  [2019]

Jahnke, C.; Wannous, M.; Troeger, U.; Falk, M.; et al.

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The processes of seawater intrusion, groundwater abstraction and disposal of high concentrated effluents from desalinization plants (DSP) were investigated in a coastal aquifer on the Red Sea coast of El Gouna, Egypt. The feeding wells (depths from 20 to 150 m), the product water and the residual brines of three desalinization plants were sampled for chemical analysis and were partially sampled for stable isotopes analysis (δ18O and δ2H in H2O).The wells in the aquifer abstract mixtures of brackish groundwater (total dissolved solids TDS 5–15 g/l) and seawater from the Red Sea (TDS 42–44 g/l) that intrudes into the coastal aquifers. Primary mixing rates were determined by means of the Br/Cl ratio and ranged from 5% to >90% seawater. The disposal of the highly concentrated residual brines from the DSPs via infiltration/injection into the used aquifer causes a locally strong increase in the salinization of the groundwater (up to 60 g/l TDS, significantly above seawater concentration) in wells that are actually feeding the DSPs (containing up to 60% brine). The influence of the brines on the groundwater could also be identified by the Br/Cl ratio in relation to salinization. Conversely, the primary source (the mixing ratio groundwater-seawater) of the brines from the DSP could also be identified by Br/Cl ratio and stable isotopes (δ18O and δ2H in H2O), which behave as conservative tracers in the reverse osmosis processes in the DSP.The brackish groundwater sh
ows partially gypsum saturation and supersaturation. Mixing of this groundwater with seawater additionally increases the sulphate concentration and cation exchange processes and especially the calcium concentration. The abstracted groundwater and groundwater-seawater mixtures therefore have a high potential for sulphate scaling. Calcite, as the second important phase for scaling, is generally supersaturated in groundwater, seawater and the mixtures. Consequently, the brines that are produced from these waters are highly supersaturated with respect to gypsum and calcite.The injection/infiltration of these brines into the aquifers leads to extended zones of groundwater with increased salinity and saturation/supersaturation in respect to gypsum and probably intense gypsum precipitation.
Журнал
Applied geochemistry
ISSN : 0883-2927

Библиографическая информация

Язык:
English
Тип:
Journal Article
В АГРИСе с:
2019
Том:
100
Выпуск:
6
Экстент/Размер:
64-76
Издатель:
Elsevier Ltd
Все названия:
"Impact of seawater intrusion and disposal of desalinization brines on groundwater quality in El Gouna, Egypt, Red Sea Area. Process analyses by means of chemical and isotopic signatures"@eng
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Библиографическая информация

Язык:
English
Тип:
Journal Article
В АГРИСе с:
2019
Том:
100
Выпуск:
6
Экстент/Размер:
64-76
Издатель:
Elsevier Ltd
Все названия:
"Impact of seawater intrusion and disposal of desalinization brines on groundwater quality in El Gouna, Egypt, Red Sea Area. Process analyses by means of chemical and isotopic signatures"@eng