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The Scientific Electronic Library Online - SciELO is an electronic library covering a selected collection of Brazilian scientific journals. The library is an integral part of a project being developed by FAPESP - Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, in partnership with BIREME - the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information. Since 2002, the Project is also supported by CNPq - Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico. The Project envisages the development of a common methodology for [...]

Journal Article

Journal article

Características de carcaça de vacas de descarte e novilhos mestiços Charolês × Nelore em confinamento sob diferentes frequências de alimentação  [2009]

Ferreira, Julcemir João(Bunge Fertilizantes); Menezes, Luís Fernando Glasenapp de(Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná); Restle, João(UFSM Programa de Pós-graduação em Zootecnia ,CNPq); Brondani, Ivan Luiz(CNPq ,UFSM Departamento de Zootecnia); et al.


The objective of this study was to evaluate carcass characteristics of steers and cull cows from two genetic groups, under different feeding frequencies. Twelve steers and twelve cull cows were used and each category consisted of six animals 5/8 Charolais (C) - Nellore (N) and six animals 5/8NC, under three feeding frequencies: twice a day (7 a.m. and 7 p.m.); three times a day (7 a.m., 1 p.m. and 7 p.m.) and four times a day (7 a.m., 11 a.m., 3 p.m. and 7 p.m.). The animals were feedlot finished receiving corn silage as forage and concentrate based on wheat bran, corn ground, soybean meal, limestone and salt, with a forage:concentrate ratio of 40:60. The increase in feeding frequency did not influence the animal carcass quality. The cows showed higher slaughter, hot and cold carcass weights (509.7; 280.0; and 277.1 kg) compared to the steers (414.5; 230.5 and 228.1 kg), but the hot and cold carcass dressing percentages and carcass chilling loss were similar in the steers and cull cows. The characteristics that express carcass muscularity were better in the cows that had greater thigh thickness (25.88 vs 23.33 cm). The metrical characteristics were more expressive in the cows which had longer carcasses (132.8 vc 122.3 cm) and greater fat thickness (6.21 vs 3.83 mm). The cows also were superior for forequarter and sawcut weights (103.5 and 133 kg) compared to the steers (84.7 and 111.8 kg), which presented higher sawcut percentage in the carcass (49.06 vs 4
8.04%). Between the genetic groups, 5/8C3/8N animals presented higher thigh thickness, Longissimus dorsi area and carcass length (25.7 cm; 64 cm² and 137 cm) compared to 5/8N3/8C (23.5 cm; 57 cm² and 124.8 cm).


Journal Article
vol.38 num.10
Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia
" Características de carcaça de vacas de descarte e novilhos mestiços Charolês × Nelore em confinamento sob diferentes frequências de alimentação "


Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia

ISSN : 1516-3598