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The National Agricultural Library is one of four national libraries of the United States, with locations in Beltsville, Maryland and Washington, D.C. It houses one of the world's largest and most accessible agricultural information collections and serves as the nexus for a national network of state land-grant and U.S. Department of Agriculture field libraries. In fiscal year 2011 (Oct 2010 through Sept 2011) NAL delivered more than 100 million direct customer service transactions.

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Journal Article

Journal Article

Soil heat flux calculation for sunlit and shaded surfaces under row crops: 2. Model test  [2016]

Colaizzi, Paul D.; Evett, Steven R.; Agam, Nurit; Schwartz, Robert C.; et al.

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A method to calculate surface soil heat flux (G0) as a function of net radiation to the soil (RN,S) was developed that accounts for positional variability across a row crop interrow. The method divides the interrow into separate sections, which may be shaded, partially sunlit, or fully sunlit, and calculates RN,S for each interrow section using a relatively simple geometric approach. Normalized RN,S is then related to normalized G0 for 24 h time steps through a single empirical parameter. The method was tested against G0 determined using the calorimetric method for upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) with north–south (NS) and east–west (EW) row orientations from sparse to full canopy cover at Bushland, Texas, USA. Data were grouped by canopy cover for three periods in the growing season, including sparse (BEG), medium (MID), and full (END). For each row orientation, measurements used for calorimetric G0 werelocated at five interrow positions in two replicates; one position was used for model calibration, and four positions were used for the model test. For NS, soil temperature and volumetric soil water content at 0.02 and 0.06 m depths and soil heat flux at the 0.08 m depth below the surface were measured. For EW, soil temperature and soil heat flux were measured at the same depths and positions as for NS, but volumetric water content was obtained only at a single depth (0.05 m) and in the interrow center in three replicates. Discrepancy between calculat
ed and calorimetric G0 was larger for EW compared with NS rows for BEG and MID periods (partial canopy cover), but nearly the same during the END period (full canopy cover). During BEG and MID, the greater discrepancy of calorimetric G0 vs. calculated G0 for EW rows compared with NS may have been related to measurement of volumetric soil water at only a single depth and interrow position, as well as lower sensor accuracy, compared with those used in NS rows. For NS, the Nash–Sutcliffe modified Index of Agreement was 0.81–0.84; for EW, it was 0.69–0.78 throughout the growing season. The method provided a straightforward way to account for positional variability of G0 across a row crop interrow, which was most important for NS rows during sparse to medium canopycover.
From the journal
Agricultural and forest meteorology
ISSN : 0168-1923

Bibliographic information

Language:
English
Type:
Journal Article
In AGRIS since:
2016
Volume:
216
Start Page:
129
End Page:
140
All titles:
"Soil heat flux calculation for sunlit and shaded surfaces under row crops: 2. Model test"@eng
Other:
"Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted."
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Bibliographic information

Language:
English
Type:
Journal Article
In AGRIS since:
2016
Volume:
216
Start Page:
129
End Page:
140
All titles:
"Soil heat flux calculation for sunlit and shaded surfaces under row crops: 2. Model test"@eng
Other:
"Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted."