Written Paper

Dairy surpluses in the countries of EU and the ways to face it  [2000]

Koubay, R. (Cotex, Brno (Czech Republic))

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Milk production is the most important agricultural activity in almost all EU countries, and in the EU as a whole (18.4 % of the total value of agricultural production), and also in the Czech Republic. In 1995, the EU milk production was about 121 million tonnes. The main producers are Germany (23.6 %), France (21 %), Great Britain (12.2 %) and the Netherlands (9.3 percnet). They produce about 75 % of the milk in EU. The estimated EU milk surplus is 9 - 9.5 million t (whole milk equivalent). A significant part of internal consumption is subsidised by means of special disposal measures, involving around 11 million t milk equivalent. The budget costs of these special measures represent about a third of the market price.