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Paper

Written Paper

The smoking business: tobacco tenants in Malawi  [2000]

L. Torres;

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This study of tobacco workers aims to share information on the labour conditions in the tobacco industry in Malawi. It specifically focuses on men, women and children as well as problems they face in asserting their labour rights. While the study scope focuses on Malawi, through a methodological participant survey approach, it raises issues affecting southern Africa and the global environment, such as gender equality, extreme forms of child labour and international labour standards.The study particularly highlights:the tobacco industry is a significant component of the Malawian economy accounting for more than 40% of the GDP and supporting the livelihoods of more than half of the populationthere are about 22,000 tobacco estates in Malawi, with over 589,000 tenants on the estates constituting the main labour force of the tobacco estatesthe relatively high and growing number of wage labourers working at the tobacco estates throughout Malawi, earning significantly less wages than the tenantsapproximately 60% of the tenants and labourers are functionally illiterate, having fewer other options in the labour marketwomen are generally far more vulnerable in the labour market, in terms of long working hours and low wageschildren above nine years of age are heavily involved in the tobacco industry, with 46% reporting pain and weariness during the long hours on the estatesthere are current few incentives for individual, employers or governments alike to invest in ed
ucation and the building of human resources in Malawi Study recommendations include:the need for the government to promote equal opportunities in formal employment, including job training and credit schemes, and to improve health care for women in order to address poverty issuesthe need for communities to be mobilised and infirmed regarding the problems and long-term health and education effects of child labour, in addition to gender empowermentthe importance of gathering up-to-date and comprehensive labour statistics, upon which future policy-development planning and decisions can be made.[adapted from author]

Bibliographic information

Language:
English
In AGRIS since:
2013
Publisher:
Institute for Applied International Studies, Norway
All titles:
"The smoking business: tobacco tenants in Malawi"@eng
Other:
"Inequality in tobacco estates, Malawi"
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Bibliographic information

Language:
English
In AGRIS since:
2013
Publisher:
Institute for Applied International Studies, Norway
All titles:
"The smoking business: tobacco tenants in Malawi"@eng
Other:
"Inequality in tobacco estates, Malawi"