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A reviews journal covering agriculture, global health, nutrition, natural resources and veterinary science.

Journal Article

Journal article

Biological control of Liriomyza leafminers: progress and perspective.  [2009]

Liu, T. X.; Kang Le; Heinz, K. M.; Trumble, J.;

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There are more than 330 <i>Liriomyza</i> species (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and many are economically important pests of field crops, ornamentals and vegetables. Given the substantial economic losses associated with various aspects of <i>Liriomyza</i> feeding as well as the ability of these insects to rapidly develop resistance to insecticides, researchers from many countries have attempted to use biological control to manage these pests. Unfortunately, progress on the science and implementation of effective <i>Liriomyza</i> biological control is hampered by the literature being scattered widely and in many different languages. A primary goal of this review is to consolidate the available information and provide an analysis of the published work. Investigations of natural enemies of <i>Liriomyza</i> have identified approximately 140 species of parasitoids, a few species of predators (including nematodes), and some entomopathogens. Some species of parasitoids and nematodes have been mass-reared and used for biological control of <i>Liriomyza</i> species under confined environmental conditions. While chemical control is still used extensively, conservation biological control and inoculative releases are being adopted as a primary strategy for <i>Liriomyza</i> suppression in select situations.

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CAB Reviews