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ICALTD, the Indonesian Center for Agricultural Library and Technology Dissemination, is one of structural bodies under the Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development, Ministry of Agriculture. ICALTD consists of two major divisions, i.e the library and technology dissemination. The library, established in 1842, is the oldest agriculture library in Indonesia. The establishment was proposed by J.K. Hasskarl, Assistant Hortulanus's Land Plantentuin, and M. Diard, a member of Natuurkundige Commisie, started with 25 title books donat [...]

Journal Article

Journal article

Cacao moth and its control measures  [2002]

Depparaba, F. (Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Sulawesi Tengah, Biromaru (Indonesia));

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Cacao moth is an important pest at the cacao ecosystem. Characteristic of pest is homodynamic and endemic, which is very different to other pests. However, the entomologists reported that the cacao moth species in Indonesia is the same with the rambutan moth, but their biotypes are different. The biotype or strain adapted to cacao, can distribute and life in the area. The presence of insects are caused by both expansion of cacao planting acreage and introduction of cacao plant materials to the cacao production areas. It cause fruit destruction with loss of seed production of 82.20 percent. Control measures of cacao moth are interrelated with bioecology of pest, and farmers as controlling agent. However, it is necessary to understand motivation, attitude and attention of farmers as well as their local experience, social and economic conditions. The control methods of cacao moth that can be integrated with farmer's motivation and experiences are as follows: 1. earlier harvesting followed by 5-7 days interval harvesting, to cut life cycle of cacao moth, 2. harvest all fruit during 1-2 months and followed by harvesting mature fruits of alternative hosts, such as Nephelium lappaceum, Cynometra cauliflora, Cola nitida, Mangifera indica L., Annona squamosa, Averrhoa carambola L., Citrus sinensis L., Lansium domesticum L., 3. garden sanitation by cleaning up garbages on soil surface and reduce plant coverage by pruning horizontal branches, 4. kill white fleas, gre
en fleas and Aphis sp. which are honeydew producer as food of cacao moth. Those practices will limit the population of pupae and the moth, 5. avoid utilization of pesticide to conserve natural enemy of cacao moth, but maintain nectars-producing plants to support the life of natural enemy, 6. isolate borders among small holders at least 300 m and free from alternative host plants of cacao moth

From the journal

Indonesian Agricultural Research and Development Journal

ISSN : 0216-4418