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Tsukuba Business-Academia Cooperation Support Center, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Council Secretariat of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan (MAFF) was established in 1978 as Tsukuba Office and has been planning and operating various research facilities for supporting experimental research activities of research agencies, prefectural organizations and universities. The Tsukuba Business-Academia Cooperation Support Center is currently managing two centers, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Infor [...]

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Journal Article

Journal Article

Production and characterization of interspecific hybrids between Allium fistulosum L. and Allium schoenoprasum L.  [2007]

Umehara, M.(Fukuoka-ken. Agricultural Research Center, Chikushino (Japan)); Sueyoshi, T.; Shimomura, K.; Hirashima, K.; et al.

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To generate a new Allium crop with available traits in a short time, interspecific hybridization was performed. In this study, Allium fistulosum L. (2n=16) and Allium schoenoprasum L. (2n=16) were used as seed parent and pollen parent, respectively. After crossing, 14 interspecific hybrids were developed through ovary culture. The hybridity was confirmed by cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region in rDNA. All the hybrids possessed eight long chromosomes originated from A. fistulosum and eight short chromosomes originated from A. schoenoprasum. The hybrids propagated vegetatively by tillering and had deep green foliage. Carotene contents of the hybrids and both parents were quantified using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The contents of edible parts of the hybrids were approximately seven times higher than those of either parent. In the hybrids, pyruvate production, which is an index of pungent taste, was equal to A. fistulosum and Brix value was high in leaf sheaths. This indirectly indicates that the hybrids have better taste than those of both parents. Many volatile flavors of the hybrids showed different pattern from both parents. These results suggest that the hybrid is a new and carotene-rich vegetable of Allium species.
From the journal
Bulletin of the Fukuoka Agricultural Research Center (Japan)
ISSN : 1341-4593

Bibliographic information

Language:
Japanese
Type:
Summary
In AGRIS since:
2008
Issue:
26
Start Page:
25
End Page:
30
All titles:
"Production and characterization of interspecific hybrids between Allium fistulosum L. and Allium schoenoprasum L."@eng
Other:
"Summaries (En, Ja)"
"4 tab. 4 fig. 29 ref."
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Bibliographic information

Language:
Japanese
Type:
Summary
In AGRIS since:
2008
Issue:
26
Start Page:
25
End Page:
30
All titles:
"Production and characterization of interspecific hybrids between Allium fistulosum L. and Allium schoenoprasum L."@eng
Other:
"Summaries (En, Ja)"
"4 tab. 4 fig. 29 ref."