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Tsukuba Business-Academia Cooperation Support Center, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Council Secretariat of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan (MAFF) was established in 1978 as Tsukuba Office and has been planning and operating various research facilities for supporting experimental research activities of research agencies, prefectural organizations and universities. The Tsukuba Business-Academia Cooperation Support Center is currently managing two centers, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Infor [...]

Journal Article

Journal article

Quantitative structure-activity relationships of fluazinam and related fungicidal N-phenylpyridinamines: Preventive activity against Sphaerotheca fuliginea, Pyricularia oryzae and Rhizoctonia solani  [1996]

Akagi, T. (Ishihara Sangyo Kaisha Ltd., Kusatsu, Shiga (Japan)); Mitani, S.; Komyoji, T.; Nagatani, K.;

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Quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR) analyses of fungicidal activity of 3-chloro-2-[N-(3-substituted-2,6-dinitro-4-trifluoromethylph enyl)]amino-5-trifluoromethylpyridines against Sphaerotheca fuliginea, Pyricularia oryzae and Rhizoctonia solani were carried out and the results were compared. In the case of S. fuliginea, a usual QSAR equation with Hammett's electronic parameter (sigma-m) and hydrophobicity (pi) was obtained, suggesting that the uncoupling mechanism might be involved in the mode of action. In the cases of P. oryzae and R. solani, QSAR equations were consisted of sigma-m, pi and the activity rank against Botrytis cinerea as independent variables,indicating both of uncoupling and SH-inhibition were working in the action mechanism. Molecular orbital calculations clarified that the change delocalization coupled with structural relaxations of the torsion angles between the C-N-C plane and the benzene and pyridine rings were responsible for strong acidity of fluazinam even in the less polar environment, which was reported as an important feature of shuttle-type uncoupling mechanism. More than one mode of action may be working behind the broad fungicidal spectrum of fluazinam

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Journal of Pesticide Science (Japan)

ISSN : 0385-1559