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Journal Article

Journal article

Movable air solar collector and its efficiency  [2008]

Lauva, A., Latvia Univ. of Agriculture, Jelgava (Latvia); Aboltins, A., Latvia Univ. of Agriculture, Jelgava (Latvia); Palabinskis, J., Latvia Univ. of Agriculture, Jelgava (Latvia); Karpova Sadigova, N., Latvia Univ. of Agriculture, Jelgava (Latvia);

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Implementing the guidelines of the Latvian National Programme for Energy in the field of alternative energy, intensive research shall be carried on regarding the use of solar energy, as it can be successfully used not only for the purposes of water heating and production of electrical energy, but also for air warming. The amount of heat necessary for the drying of rough forage and grain drying by active aeration in June, July and August can be obtained using solar radiation. The Latvian Guidelines for the Energy Development 2006-2016 state that the solar radiance in Latvia is of quite low intensity. The total amount of solar energy is 1109 kWh mE-2 per year. The period of usage of the solar thermal energy is beginning from the last decade of April, when the intensity of radiation is 120 kWh mE-2, until the first decade of September. Within this period (approximately 1800 hours), it is possible to use the solar thermal energy by placing solar collectors. The usage of solar collectors for in drying of agricultural production is topical from the viewpoint of decreasing the consumption of energy used for the drying, as electrical energy and fossil energy resources become more expensive and tend to run out. In the processes that concern drying of agricultural production, efficiently enough solar radiation energy can be used. Due to this reason researching continues and expands in the field of usage of solar energy for the processes of drying and heating. The ef
ficiency factor of the existing solar collectors is not high, but they are of simple design and cheep for production and exploitation. By improving the design of the solar collectors and choosing modern materials that absorb the solar radiation energy, it is possible the decrease the efficiency factor of solar collectors and decrease the production costs. In the scientific laboratory of grain drying and storage of Latvia University of Agriculture, a pilot device movable folding solar collector pilot device suitable for Latvia has been developed and constructed. Within the article, the movable folding solar collector is described, which has been constructed as a solar collector of module types for being able to move and unfold it in the place of work. The solar collector serves as an experimental prototype, as well as simultaneously as a ground for comparative researches in solar absorbent air. The solar collector serves as an experimental prototype and simultaneously also as a carrying surface for comparative researches in solar absorbent air. In the researches, the roof coverings available in Latvia and their suitability for construction of solar collectors will be compared.

From the journal

Engineering for Rural Development. Proceedings of the Inernational Scientific Conference (Latvia)

ISSN : 1691-3043