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Journal Article

Journal article

Prebiotic and probiotic feeding effects on calf growth and digestive canal development in the first four months of life  [2014]

Arne, A., Latvia Univ. of Agriculture, Jelgava (Latvia). Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Preclinical Inst.; Ilgaza, A., Latvia Univ. of Agriculture, Jelgava (Latvia). Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Preclinical Inst.;

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Studies have been conducted to find out the effect of the feeding of calves (Bos Taurus) with Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus) concentrate produced in Latvia containing the prebiotic – inulin and commercially-produced probiotic Enterococcus faecium. The study was performed on three groups of 4 animals each group - a control group, probiotic and prebiotic group. All groups were fed with the whole milk, but the prebiotic group received additionally 12 g of Jerusalem artichoke powder and probiotic group 0.25 g of Enterococcus faecium powder per day. After the experiment, we found out that the calves of the prebiotic and probiotic group had less cases of diarrhea than control. The average daily weight gain (control group 0.58±0.07 kg, prebiotic group 0.74±0.06 kg, probiotic group 0.75±0.03 kg) and the total average weight gain (control group 32.2±5.46 kg, prebiotic group 41.2±3.38 kg, probiotic group 42.0±1.42 kg) during 56 test days was significantly higher (p is less than 0.05) than for the control animals. We concluded that the use of probiotic (Enterococcus faecium) and prebiotic (Jerusalem artichoke) when fed to the calves generally gives positive impact on the development and growth of the calves, improves the status of the gastrointestinal tract and the morphometric indicators.

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Veterinarmedicinas raksti (Latvia)

ISSN : 1407-1754