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Journal Article

Journal Article

Development of winter wheat blotches depending on fungicide treatment schemes and nitrogen rates  [2020]

Svarta, A., Latvia Univ. of Life Sciences and Technologies, Jelgava (Latvia); Bimsteine, G., Latvia Univ. of Life Sciences and Technologies, Jelgava (Latvia); Gaile, Z., Latvia Univ. of Life Sciences and Technologies, Jelgava (Latvia); Stanka, T., Latvia Univ. of Life Sciences and Technologies, Jelgava (Latvia); et al.

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One of the factors affecting winter wheat grain yields are leaf blotches. The two-factorial trial was conducted in the Research and Study farm ‘Pēterlauki’ in 2017/2018 and 2018/2019 (Latvia). Four nitrogen rates and five fungicide treatment schemes were used. The aim was to clarify the impact of leaf blotches on the winter wheat yield. In winter wheat plots, the tan spot (caused by Pyrenophora tritici-repentis) dominated but also Septoria leaf blotch (caused by Zymoseptoria tritici) was found. The severity of leaf blotches in winter wheat was low in both years due to dry and warm weather. The development of leaf blotches was influenced by fungicide application schemes, but not by nitrogen fertilizer rate. The total disease impact during the vegetation period was estimated by calculation the area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC). AUDPC for both diseases were significantly higher in the variant without fungicides (F0) and in the variant, where half of dose of fungicides at the growth stage (GS) 55–59 (F1) was used. The using of full dose of fungicide at the GS 55–59 (F2) as well as using of fungicides two (F3) or three (F4) times in growing season significantly decreased the values of AUDPC for both diseases, but differences among AUDPC values in mentioned three variants were not significant. Results showed that the nitrogen fertilization significantly increased the average per both years grain yield until the nitrogen rate N180. Fungicide treatment
schemes had no significant effect on the average grain yield.
From the journal
Research for Rural Development. International Scientific Conference Proceedings (Latvia)
ISSN : 2255-923X

Bibliographic information

Language:
English
Type:
Conference
In AGRIS since:
2020
Issue:
26/2020
Start Page:
7−13
Publisher:
Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies
All titles:
"Development of winter wheat blotches depending on fungicide treatment schemes and nitrogen rates"@eng
Other:
"Summary (En)"
"2 tables, 5 fig., 21 ref."
"Research for Rural Development 2020. Annual 26th International Scientific Conference Proceedings.Volume 35 (Online resource), Latvia Univ. of Life Sciences and Technologies, Jelgava (Latvia).- Jelgava (Latvia): Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, 2020. International Scientific Conference: Research for Rural Development 2020, 26, Jelgava (Latvia), 13−15 May 2020.- p. 7−13"
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Bibliographic information

Language:
English
Type:
Conference
In AGRIS since:
2020
Issue:
26/2020
Start Page:
7−13
Publisher:
Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies
All titles:
"Development of winter wheat blotches depending on fungicide treatment schemes and nitrogen rates"@eng
Other:
"Summary (En)"
"2 tables, 5 fig., 21 ref."
"Research for Rural Development 2020. Annual 26th International Scientific Conference Proceedings.Volume 35 (Online resource), Latvia Univ. of Life Sciences and Technologies, Jelgava (Latvia).- Jelgava (Latvia): Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, 2020. International Scientific Conference: Research for Rural Development 2020, 26, Jelgava (Latvia), 13−15 May 2020.- p. 7−13"