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THE MAIN TENDENCIES AND THE PROSPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF MEAT CATTLE BREEDING IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION  [2016]

Sokolova A. P. Litvinenko G. N. Isaeva A. A. Ustyan S. A. Kuban State Agrarian University [Corporate Author]

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In the article, we give the characteristics of the Russian meat cattle breeding as one of major factors of efficiency of domestic agriculture. Dynamics of a livestock of cattle in certain regions, number of breeding farms, which are engaged in cultivation of cattle of meat breeds, were presented; we also revealed a tendency of their increase. Dependence of shortage of breeding resources of the most competitive specialized meat breeds and the volume of import of cattle are revealed. The main problems, which accompany functioning of the branch of meat cattle breeding, are defined. The average mass of carcass of cattle on slaughter is specified in the different countries of the world. Based on the calculations, the conclusions are drawn and the forecasts for domestic agricultural producers proceeding from the developed market dynamics are defined. Reference points of the state support of branch for which solution of problems the Ministry of Agriculture developed the State program of measures of the state support of development of meat cattle breeding which has to provide a gain of a livestock of meat breeds by 2020 are specified. Considering prospects and possible risks of development of domestic subsector of meat cattle breeding, we specified a need of such development of the branch; it has to be based, first of all, on implementation of large-scale projects on the basis of the competitive meat breeds of world level and the low-used resources of pasturable c
attle breeding which are available in Russia. It will allow realizing fully the least expensive intensive and pasturable production technology of high-quality beef. Prospects of implementation of the large-scale project on creation in regions of farms with a feeding livestock in 50 — 100 cows are specified

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Polythematic Online Scientific Journal of Kuban State Agrarian University

ISSN : 1990-4665