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Written Paper

TO THE ANALYSIS OF DEVELOPMENT OF PEASANT AND PERSONAL FARMS OF THE POPULATION  [2016]

Lisovskaya R. N. Tolmachev A. V. Ivanova I. G. Kuban State Agrarian University [Corporate Author]

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Small agrarian and personal peasant farms present an important segment of agricultural production along with other subjects. Their role is becoming more prominent with the increasing of their own production potential. Nevertheless, their resource base remains very weak, the basic means of production are worn out, and many of them are unable to improve technical equipment. In this segment, leasing options are limited, there are problems in logistics management, and small entities do not have market power in the market of production resources and in products marketing. The lack of collateral generates high cost lending and permanent bankruptcy. On the other hand, it is noted that small entities have a large diversity of organizational and legal forms, an informal control system high interchangeability of production functions, they combine the status of the owner and the manager. They significantly reduce the social tension in rural areas; they play a significant role in import substitution. Characteristic features of small agricultural farms (SAF) are high autonomy, independence, self-protection from environmental factors. They spend little money on creating jobs, have low fixed costs and independently overcome the difficulties. However, an underdeveloped industrial infrastructure of small business hinders the improvement of the technological level. They work with constant external interference, which reduces their production efficiency and market competitiv
eness. All of them highly depend on local production conditions, capacity of territorial markets. Low level of cooperation of participants SAF significantly limits the number of sales channels, increases the volatility realization. The analysis showed a high need for realization of the revealed reserves of efficiency growth

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Polythematic Online Scientific Journal of Kuban State Agrarian University

ISSN : 1990-4665