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The Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Central Scientific Agricultural Library" (CSAL) is the oldest Bibliographic Center for Agricultural Science and Food Industry in the Russian Federation. The library was founded in 1930. More than 3 million items are stored in the library collection. Since 1992, CSAL has been managing AGROS, the largest agricultural database in Russian in the world. This database contains information about books and articles published both in Russian and foreign periodicals or serial editions (the annual increm [...]

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Journal Article

Journal Article

Mechanical and technological support the efficiency of arid farming  [2019]

Ivanov, O.A., Research and Development Inst. of Khakasia Agrarian Problems, Abakan (Russian Federation); Utenkov, G.L., Siberia Federal Scientific Center of Agrobiotechnology, Novosibirsk Region (Russian Federation); Ivanova, T.E., Research and Development Inst. of Khakasia Agrarian Problems, Abakan (Russian Federation);

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The priority direction of agricultural production in the arid zone of the south of Central Siberia is animal husbandry, which predetermines the need for intensive development of feed production and, in particular, the production of rough and succulent forage. One of the most important factors of the stabilized and guaranteed crop production is irrigated land cultivation. Research purpose is to prove the efficiency of machine technology of surface irrigation in the arid conditions of the south of Central Siberia. There were determined technical parameters of the main elements of the temporary irrigation network (non-inclined hollow and a water-retaining roller) during the formation of surface irrigation areas by the results of time-length observations made in accordance with the requirements of the testing station. The technological process of forming irrigated plots with specified technical parameters was carried out according to the operational and technological evaluation of the machine technology testing. The evaluation was carried out using a computer-based portable information-measuring system IP238MR to determine the traction indicators of the machine, carried out by the STO AIST 1.3-2007. It was proposed a technology of surface irrigation over wide long strips with level furrows, recommended for irrigation of grain, forage crops, natural hay making areas and pastures. A set of technical means has been developed for the construction and operation of
surface irrigation systems in wide long lanes with level furrows. The tools can be coupled with a МТZ tractor of 1.4 tons. Comprehensive use of machines in the construction and operation of irrigation systems for surface irrigation as compared with existing machines in land reclamation construction allows to improve the quality of work and labor productivity by 3-5 times. Surface irrigation technology and a set of machines have passed state tests at the Siberian State Zonal Machine Testing Station and are recommended to be included in the basic agricultural technology. The integrated use of new machines L-1.5, V-3.0 and VP-4.0 in the construction and operation of irrigation systems allows reducing the operating costs and construction time of irrigated plots by 1.8 times, increase the yield of green oats by 17.2% while reducing the cost of cultivation by 10.1%. Grain production can be increased by 1.9 times.
From the journal
Agricultural Machinery and Technologies
ISSN : 2073-7599

Bibliographic information

Language:
Russian
Type:
Journal Article
In AGRIS since:
2020
Issue:
1
Start Page:
34
End Page:
40
All titles:
"Mechanical and technological support the efficiency of arid farming"@eng
"Механико-технологическое обеспечение эффективности аридного земледелия"@rus
Other:
"Summaries (En, Ru)"
"4 ill."
"13 ref."
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Bibliographic information

Language:
Russian
Type:
Journal Article
In AGRIS since:
2020
Issue:
1
Start Page:
34
End Page:
40
All titles:
"Mechanical and technological support the efficiency of arid farming"@eng
"Механико-технологическое обеспечение эффективности аридного земледелия"@rus
Other:
"Summaries (En, Ru)"
"4 ill."
"13 ref."