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The Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Central Scientific Agricultural Library" (CSAL) is the oldest Bibliographic Center for Agricultural Science and Food Industry in the Russian Federation. The library was founded in 1930. More than 3 million items are stored in the library collection. Since 1992, CSAL has been managing AGROS, the largest agricultural database in Russian in the world. This database contains information about books and articles published both in Russian and foreign periodicals or serial editions (the annual increm [...]

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Journal Article

Journal Article

Optimizing the functioning of agricultural production systems  [2022]

Apazhev, A.K.; Shekikhachev, Yu.A.;

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There has been carried out an analysis of the modern technogenic stage of development of the agrarian sector. It is shown that it is characterized by certain difficulties associated with the formation of environmentally balanced agricultural production systems (APS). The theoretical problems of application of optimization modeling in agriculture and increasing the efficiency of the use of design automation systems. Functioning of SPS is studied on the example of a specific agricultural organization - LLC "People's enterprise" "Shegem" of the Chegemsky district of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic. An ecological and mathematical model was made to optimize mineral and biological fertilizers application of biological fertilizers in the farm. The criterion of optimization during ecological mathematical modeling was based on the increase in the volume of crop production. The model is built on the mathematical theory of linear programming theory and effectively solved by simplex method with artificial basis. Using the methods of logical analysis it was fixed that improving the structure of sowing areas, planning of crop rotations, optimizing the use of fertilizers and taking into account structural and constituent peculiarities of arable land allow increasing the volume of the obtained crop production by 2.8-12.2% with simultaneous decreasing of the used financial means by 11% and decreasing of the prime cost by 3-6%. The increase in the gross harvest of grain in
the farm reached 852.32 cwt. Ecological-mathematical modeling is recognized as an effective tool to ensure the economically efficient functioning of SPS while maintaining their environmental sustainability.
From the journal
Izvestiya of Kabardino-Balkarian State Agrarian University named after V.V. Kokov
ISSN : 2411-3492

Bibliographic information

Language:
Russian
Type:
Journal Article
In AGRIS since:
2022
Issue:
1
Start Page:
81
End Page:
89
All titles:
"Оптимизация функционирования сельскохозяйственных производственных систем"@rus
"Optimizing the functioning of agricultural production systems"@eng
Other:
"Summaries (En, Ru). 13 ref."
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Bibliographic information

Language:
Russian
Type:
Journal Article
In AGRIS since:
2022
Issue:
1
Start Page:
81
End Page:
89
All titles:
"Оптимизация функционирования сельскохозяйственных производственных систем"@rus
"Optimizing the functioning of agricultural production systems"@eng
Other:
"Summaries (En, Ru). 13 ref."