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Biology, ecology, and host specificity of European Aphthona spp. (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) used as biocontrol agents for leafy spurge, Euphorbia esula (Euphorbiaceae), in North America  [1996]

Gassmann, A. (International Institute of Biological Control, Delemont, Switzerland.) Schroeder, D. Maw, E. Summer, G.

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Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula) is an herbaceous perennial of European origin that was accidentally introduced into North America where it has become a serious weed in pastures and rangelands. Five species of root-feeding chrysomelid beetles in the genus Aphthona have been released in North America for the biological control of leafy spurge. They originate from central and eastern Europe and occur in different habitats. The brown species, Aphthona cyparissiae, Aphthona flava, and Aphthona nigriscutis, occur predominantly in open dry habitats, and the black species, Aphthona czwalinai and Aphthona lacertosa, prefer moister habitats. All five species are univoltine and overwinter as larvae. The host range of these five Aphthona species is restricted to species in the subgenus Esula

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Biological control : theory and applications in pest management (USA)

ISSN : 1049-9644

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