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The World Bank is like a cooperative, made up of 189 member countries. These member countries, or shareholders, are represented by a Board of Governors, who are the ultimate policymakers at the World Bank. Generally, the governors are member countries' ministers of finance or ministers of development. They meet once a year at the Annual Meetings of the Boards of Governors of the World Bank Group and the International Monetary Fund.

Paper

Written Paper

Gender equality and the Millennium Development Goals

Barbu, Alain; Gender and Development (PRMGE) [Corporate Author]

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This report argues that a gender equality perspective will facilitate attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)- while gender equality is important as a goal in itself, it also is a path towards achieving the other goals. Gender inequality, which remains pervasive worldwide, tends to lower the productivity of labor and the efficiency of labor allocation in households and the economy, intensifying the unequal distribution of resources. It also contributes to the non-monetary aspects of poverty - lack of security, opportunity and empowerment - that lower the quality of life for both men and women. While women and girls bear the largest and most direct costs of these inequalities, the costs cut broadly across society, ultimately hindering development and poverty reduction. The main objectives of this paper are: i) to show the strong linkages between gender equality and all the MDGs; ii) to show that working for gender equality offers a compelling, win-win approach for policy makers and planners towards attaining and implementing the MDGs; and iii) to give examples of how gender equality can be integrated into MDG policies and interventions. The paper starts with a general overview of the Gender Equality Goal, followed by sections on the links between gender equality and the Millennium Development Goals on Poverty, Education, Health and Nutrition, and Environment.