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The World Bank is like a cooperative, made up of 189 member countries. These member countries, or shareholders, are represented by a Board of Governors, who are the ultimate policymakers at the World Bank. Generally, the governors are member countries' ministers of finance or ministers of development. They meet once a year at the Annual Meetings of the Boards of Governors of the World Bank Group and the International Monetary Fund.

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Paper

Written Paper

Hydropower dams and social impacts : a sociological perspective

Cernea, Michael M.; Environment Department (ENV) [Corporate Author]

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Why is the construction of hydropower dams, which generate energy that is renewable and cleaner than oil, coal, or nuclear power, increasingly attacked in the press and assaulted by many critics? The answer, a good part of it, is that the environmental critique of dams has shifted considerably from their physical to their social impacts. During the last decade the thrust of this social critique has been sharpened, new arguments are being used, while practical responses to the newly raised social issues are lagging. The adverse social impacts of hydropower dams, if unaddressed, can be very serious. Unless these negative social impacts are mitigated by governments through explicit policy, legislation, and financial resources, and by planners through socially sensitive resettlement planning, hydropower expansion in developing countries will be retarded by social tensions and by increasing political and environmental opposition.

Bibliographic information

Language:
English
Type:
Working Paper
In AGRIS since:
2012
Publisher:
The World Bank
ISBN:
0-8213-3193-0
All titles:
"Hydropower dams and social impacts : a sociological perspective"@eng
Other:
"IN-Madras Water Supply II -- P010461"
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Bibliographic information

Language:
English
Type:
Working Paper
In AGRIS since:
2012
Publisher:
The World Bank
ISBN:
0-8213-3193-0
All titles:
"Hydropower dams and social impacts : a sociological perspective"@eng
Other:
"IN-Madras Water Supply II -- P010461"