Journal Article

Journal article

Effect of dietary protein, lipid and carbohydrate ratio on growth, feed efficiency and body composition of pikeperch Sander lucioperca fingerlings  [2005]

Nyina-Wamwiza, L. Xu, X.L. Blanchard, G. Kestemont, P.

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Pikeperch Sander lucioperca fingerlings were fed nine practical diets containing three levels of protein (P = 34%, 43% and 50%), lipid (L = 10%, 16% and 22%) and carbohydrate (C = 10%, 15% and 20%) for 10 weeks in a recirculating water system at 23 degrees C. Dietary treatments were distributed by orthogonal design with dietary energy content ranging from 15.5 to 23.1 MJ kg(-1) diet. Significant differences (P < 0.05) in weight gain (%) and feed efficiency (FE) were observed after feeding trial. Relatively low growth and FE were found in fish fed diets containing 34% dietary protein level compared with that of fish fed diets with 43-50% protein levels, suggesting that 34% dietary protein probably is below the protein requirements of pikeperch fingerlings. Fish fed diets containing P43L10C15, P43L22C20 and P50L16C20 had significantly (P < 0.05) higher weight gain and FE than fish fed the diets containing other dietary P/L/C ratios. There was no significant difference in weight gain and FE between fish fed diets of P43L10C15, P43L22C20 and P50L16C20. These results may indicate that pikeperch require at least 43% of dietary protein for adequate growth and FE, and considering the fish growth and feed ingredient cost P43L10C15 diet is more cost-effective formulation for pikeperch fingerling. However, protein efficiency was not significantly affected by dietary P/L/C ratio.

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Aquaculture research

ISSN : 1355-557X