Written Paper

Reactions with phenolic substances can induce changes in some physico-chemical properties and activities of bromelain--the consequences for supplementary food products  [2005]

Rohn, S. Rawel, H.M. Rober, M. Kroll, J.

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Bromelain was allowed to react with phenolic compounds. The activity and selected physico-chemical properties of the resulting derivatives were characterized. In vitro experiments showed that the proteolytic activity of bromelain was inhibited. Bromelain also serves as a food protein, because food stuffs based on pineapple contain relatively high concentrations of bromelain. In vitro digestion of bromelain derivatives with the main proteolytic enzymes of the gastrointestinal tract was also adversely affected. A covalent attachment of the phenolic compounds was identified at the tryptophan, free amino (lysines and N-terminal) and thiol groups of bromelain. A decrease in solubility of the derivatives was observed. The isoelectric point was shifted to lower pH values and high molecular weight fractions were identified. All effects observed depended on the reactivity of the phenolic substances. Two supplementary food products containing both bromelain and quercetin were also tested in terms of their proteolytic activity and digestibility.

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International journal of food science & technology

ISSN : 0950-5423