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Rice protein isolates produced by the two different methods lower serum cholesterol concentration in rats compared with casein  [1996]

Morita, T. Oh-Hashi, A. Kasaoka, S. Ikai, M. et al.

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Highly purified rice protein isolates (RPI) were prepared by an alkaline extraction-acid precipitation method (E-RPI) and by an alpha-amylase treatment to remove starch (T-RPI). Biological values of these RPI were significantly lower than that of casein. Serum cholesterol concentrations were compared among groups of rats fed (per kg diet) 200, 300 or 400 g E-RPI, 400 g T-RPI, 250 or 400 g casein kg-1 or 400 g soya bean protein isolate (SPI). With all the diets containing 400 g protein kg-1 diet, growth rates of rats were the same. At this level, E-RPI, T-RPI and SPI diets produced significantly lower serum cholesterol concentrations than the casein diet. Faecal bile acid plus neutral steroid excretion was significantly higher in rats fed the 400 g kg-1 T-RPI or 400 g kg-1 SPI diets compared with rats fed the 400 g kg-1 casein diet. On the other hand, the 400 g kg-1 E-RPI diet did not increase steroid excretion. Plasma cholesterol concentrations in rats fed diets with amino acid mixtures simulating SPI and E-RPI were also significantly lower than that of rats fed the diet with an amino acid mixture simulating casein even though the faecal excretions of total bile acids were the same amongst groups. These results support the view that RPI are hypocholesterolaemic relative to casein and at least the hypocholesterolaemic effects of E-RPI would be independent of interruption of the enterohepatic circulation of endogenous steroids.

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Journal of the science of food and agriculture

ISSN : 0022-5142

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