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The National Agricultural Library is one of four national libraries of the United States, with locations in Beltsville, Maryland and Washington, D.C. It houses one of the world's largest and most accessible agricultural information collections and serves as the nexus for a national network of state land-grant and U.S. Department of Agriculture field libraries. In fiscal year 2011 (Oct 2010 through Sept 2011) NAL delivered more than 100 million direct customer service transactions.

Journal Article

Journal Article

Chemical composition and anti-inflammatory activity of pectic polysaccharide isolated from celery stalks  [2009]

Ovodova, Raisa G.; Golovchenko, Victoria V.; Popov, Sergey V.; Popova, Galina Yu.; et al.

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A pectic polysaccharide called apiuman was isolated from fresh celery stalks by extraction with an aqueous ammonium oxalate followed by ultrafiltration, and was shown to consist of d-galacturonic acid (GalA, 81.0%), l-rhamnose (Rha, 2.6%), l-arabinose (Ara, 2.5%), and d-galactose (Gal, 3.6%) residues. Apiuman was found to be digestible with α-1,4-d-galacturonase to yield d-GalA, thus confirming that apiuman represents a pectic polysaccharide. The purified apiuman (AG) obtained was subjected to ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose to produce two polysaccharide fractions, AG-1 and AG-2, which had similar sugar compositions. Partial acid hydrolysis of apiuman, AG, revealed galacturonan to be at the core of the macromolecule. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra indicated that the backbone of apiuman appeared to represent α-1,4-d-galacturonan, with considerable amounts of l-Rha residues involved by α-1,2-linkages in the linear chain of the macromolecule core. The side chains were found to consist of Ara and Gal attached at the 4-position of the Rha residues. Furthermore, apiuman, AG, was found to improve the survival of mice subjected to a lethal dose of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and the anti-endotoxemic effect of apiuman, AG, was shown to be mediated by decreased interleukin-1β (IL-1β and increased interleukin-10 (IL-10) production. Apiuman was also shown to diminish the amount of neutrophils migrating to the peritoneal cavity after LPS injection.

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Bibliographic information

Language:
English
Type:
Journal Article
In AGRIS since:
2013
Volume:
114
Issue:
2
Start Page:
610
End Page:
615
Publisher:
[Amsterdam]: Elsevier Science
All titles:
" Chemical composition and anti-inflammatory activity of pectic polysaccharide isolated from celery stalks "
Other:
" Includes references "

From the journal

Food chemistry

ISSN : 0308-8146