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The National Agricultural Library is one of four national libraries of the United States, with locations in Beltsville, Maryland and Washington, D.C. It houses one of the world's largest and most accessible agricultural information collections and serves as the nexus for a national network of state land-grant and U.S. Department of Agriculture field libraries. In fiscal year 2011 (Oct 2010 through Sept 2011) NAL delivered more than 100 million direct customer service transactions.

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Journal Article

Journal Article

Thirty years later: the global growth of ITQs and their influence on stock status in marine fisheries  [2009]

Chu, Cindy;

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Individual transferable quota (ITQ) programmes have been incorporated into many marine fisheries management strategies for 30 years, but their implementation and utility remains controversial. This study provides an overview of the global status of ITQ programmes, the reasons they have been adopted and the changes in stock biomass after their implementation. Eighteen countries currently use ITQs to manage several hundred stocks of at least 249 species. ITQs were adopted in these countries for many reasons: overcapitalization, economic gains, safety concerns for fishers and political change. The implementation of ITQs does not translate into consistent changes in stock biomass. Improvements in 12 of 20 stocks after ITQs were introduced suggest that ITQs can be an effective component of fisheries management strategies, but eight of the stocks continued to decline after ITQs were introduced. This suggests that alternative or complementary measures are needed to sustain those fisheries, such as combining ITQs with more effective total allowable catches, better enforcement and monitoring, and implementing aspects of ecosystem-based fisheries management.
From the journal
Fish and fisheries
ISSN : 1467-2960

Bibliographic information

Language:
English
Type:
Journal Article
In AGRIS since:
2013
Volume:
10
Issue:
2
Start Page:
217
End Page:
230
Publisher:
Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
All titles:
"Thirty years later: the global growth of ITQs and their influence on stock status in marine fisheries"@eng
Other:
"Includes references"
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Bibliographic information

Language:
English
Type:
Journal Article
In AGRIS since:
2013
Volume:
10
Issue:
2
Start Page:
217
End Page:
230
Publisher:
Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
All titles:
"Thirty years later: the global growth of ITQs and their influence on stock status in marine fisheries"@eng
Other:
"Includes references"