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The National Agricultural Library is one of four national libraries of the United States, with locations in Beltsville, Maryland and Washington, D.C. It houses one of the world's largest and most accessible agricultural information collections and serves as the nexus for a national network of state land-grant and U.S. Department of Agriculture field libraries. In fiscal year 2011 (Oct 2010 through Sept 2011) NAL delivered more than 100 million direct customer service transactions.

Journal Article

Journal article

Toxicity of kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) with particular reference to lectins  [1982]

Bender, A.E.; Reaidi, G.B.; (12th : 1982 August 18 : San Diego, Calif.). [Corporate Author] International Congress of Nutrition [Corporate Author]

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Abstract: As a follow-up to recent outbreaks of food poisoning (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea) associated with raw or undercooked red kidney beans, a study was conducted on the lethality and heat destruction of the implicated lectin causative agent present in the beans. Agglutinating activity towards trypsinized rabbit erythrocytes was used as an in vitro assay for lectin content. Only the 3 varieties of P. vulgaris (red and white kidney beans, rose coco bean) contained large amounts of lectins. Soaking overnight removed 20-70% of the lectin. Red and white kidney beans caused 100% mortality to various sets of rats when fed at 10% or more of the diet for up to 14 days. Complete destruction of the hemagglutinin content of the beans (due to lectin) was generally attained by heating for up to 20 minutes at 100 degrees Centigrade. Relevant literature on the toxic effect of these beans is reviewed. (wz)

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Bibliographic information

Language:
English
Type:
Conference
In AGRIS since:
2013
Volume:
4
Issue:
1
Start Page:
15
End Page:
22. ill., charts
All titles:
" Toxicity of kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) with particular reference to lectins "
Other:
" Includes 13 references. "

From the journal

Journal of plant foods

ISSN : 0306-2686