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The National Agricultural Library is one of four national libraries of the United States, with locations in Beltsville, Maryland and Washington, D.C. It houses one of the world's largest and most accessible agricultural information collections and serves as the nexus for a national network of state land-grant and U.S. Department of Agriculture field libraries. In fiscal year 2011 (Oct 2010 through Sept 2011) NAL delivered more than 100 million direct customer service transactions.

Journal Article

Journal Article

Validation of an Environmental Distress Scale  [2006]

Higginbotham, Nick; Connor, Linda; Albrecht, Glenn; Freeman, Sonia; et al.

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The study aimed to validate the Environmental Distress Scale (EDS), a new index of the bio–psycho–social cost of ecosystem disturbance. Informed by qualitative fieldwork in the open-cut mining area of Australia’s Upper Hunter Valley, the EDS combines dimensions of hazard perception, threat appraisal, felt impact of changes, “solastalgia” (loss of solace), and environmental action. EDS discriminant validity was tested by randomly mailing the instrument to Upper Hunter residents living in a high disturbance open-cut mining area and to a comparable sample in a nearby farming area; 203 respondents returned the survey (41% response rate). As predicted, the high disturbance group had significantly higher environmental distress scores across all six EDS subscales, including solastalgia. Psychometric analyses found the EDS subscales were highly intercorrelated (r = 0.36–0.83), and they demonstrated both strong internal consistency reliability (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.79–0.96) and test–retest reliability (ICC = 0.67–0.73). Descriptively, the high disturbance group experienced greater exposure to dust, landscape changes, vibrations, loss of flora and fauna, and building damage, as well as greater fear of asthma and other physical illnesses due to local pollution. The EDS successfully measured and validated Albrecht’s innovative concept of “solastalgia”—the sense of distress people experience when valued environments are negatively transformed. While the EDS addresses t
he power and mining industries, it can be adapted as a general tool to appraise the distress arising from people’s lived experience of the desolation of their home and environment. Ideally, it can be used as an aid for those working to ameliorate that distress and restore ecosystem health.

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Bibliographic information

Language:
English
Type:
Journal Article
In AGRIS since:
2016
Volume:
3
Issue:
4
Start Page:
245
End Page:
254
Publisher:
Springer-Verlag
All titles:
" Validation of an Environmental Distress Scale "

From the journal

EcoHealth

ISSN : 1612-9202