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Journal Article

Journal article

Possible effects of climate change on ecological functioning of shallow lakes, Lake Loenderveen as a case study  [2008]

Schep, Sebastiaan; Gerard Ter Heerdt; Jan Janse; Maarten Ouboter;

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The European Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires all inland and coastal waters to reach "good ecological status" by 2015. The good ecological status of shallow lakes can be characterised by clear water dominated by submerged vegetation. The ecological response of shallow lakes on nutrients largely depends on morphological and hydrological features, such as water depth, retention time, water level fluctuations, bottom type, fetch etc. These features determine the "critical nutrient load" of a lake. When the actual nutrient load of a lake is higher than the critical nutrient load, the ecological quality of this lake will deteriorate, resulting in a turbid state dominated by algae. Climate change might lead to changes in both environmental factors and ecosystem response. This certainly will have an effect on the ecological status. As an illustration the results of a multidiscipline study of a shallow peaty lake (Loenderveen) are presented, including hydrology, geochemistry and ecology. Ground- and surface water flows, nutrient dynamics and ecosystem functioning have been studied culminating in an application of the ecological model of the lake (PCLake). Future scenarios were implemented through changing precipitation, evaporation and temperature. Climate change will lead to higher nutrient loads and lower critical nutrient loads. As a consequence lakes shift easier from clear water to a turbid state.

From the journal

Annals of Warsaw University of Life Sciences, SGGW

ISSN : 2081-9617