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The National Agricultural Library is one of four national libraries of the United States, with locations in Beltsville, Maryland and Washington, D.C. It houses one of the world's largest and most accessible agricultural information collections and serves as the nexus for a national network of state land-grant and U.S. Department of Agriculture field libraries. In fiscal year 2011 (Oct 2010 through Sept 2011) NAL delivered more than 100 million direct customer service transactions.

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Journal Article

Journal Article

Unsustainable development: Alternative food networks and the Ecuadorian Federation of Cocoa Producers, 1995–2010  [2013]

Melo, Cristian J.; Hollander, Gail M.;

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Although alternative trade have become a de facto prescription for any location where there is a need to conciliate economic interest with conservation imperatives, the discursive concept of equalitarian partnerships hides the fact that what for consumers is a matter of choice, for producers is a matter of survival. Producers must meet the demands of their partners to gain access to capital and markets. We explore the results of these unequal alliances with a case study centered on the experiences of the Ecuadorian Federation of Cocoa Producers (FEDECADE) and its 15 years long experience with alternative trade/sustainable development projects focused on the shade-grown fine cocoa variety known as “Nacional.” We found that the external agencies that implemented alternative trade in FEDECADE made assumptions, none of which were fully meet at the end of the projects. Our findings point out to the paradoxical nature of alternative trade schemes, because the success of a scheme ultimately leads to loss of profitability from a farmer's perspective.
From the journal
Journal of rural studies
ISSN : 0743-0167

Bibliographic information

Language:
English
Type:
Journal Article
In AGRIS since:
2019
Volume:
32
Issue:
1
Extent:
251-263
Publisher:
Elsevier Ltd
All titles:
"Unsustainable development: Alternative food networks and the Ecuadorian Federation of Cocoa Producers, 1995–2010"@eng
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Bibliographic information

Language:
English
Type:
Journal Article
In AGRIS since:
2019
Volume:
32
Issue:
1
Extent:
251-263
Publisher:
Elsevier Ltd
All titles:
"Unsustainable development: Alternative food networks and the Ecuadorian Federation of Cocoa Producers, 1995–2010"@eng