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The National Agricultural Library is one of four national libraries of the United States, with locations in Beltsville, Maryland and Washington, D.C. It houses one of the world's largest and most accessible agricultural information collections and serves as the nexus for a national network of state land-grant and U.S. Department of Agriculture field libraries. In fiscal year 2011 (Oct 2010 through Sept 2011) NAL delivered more than 100 million direct customer service transactions.

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Journal Article

Journal Article

Lean flammability limits of alternative aviation fuels  [2019]

Li, Ang; Vozka, Petr; Mastrean, Alex; Kilaz, Gozdem; et al.

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Alternative fuels are being certified to be used in aircraft. However, the fire-safety properties of these fuels are unknown. The present work focused on measurements of the lean flammability limits (LFLs) of three alternative aviation fuels including Hydroprocessed Esters and Fatty Acids (HEFA), Synthesized Iso-Paraffins (SIP), and Fischer-Tropsch Iso-Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-IPK). The results were compared to that of conventional petroleum-based Jet A. The results showed that only FT-IPK had higher LFLs than that of Jet A. Additionally, the LFLs of four pure hydrocarbons including n-heptane, iso-octane, n-decane, and n-dodecane were measured, since they are the major components of transportation fuels. The LFLs were within the range of 0.032–0.040 in terms of the fuel-air mass ratio for all four aviation fuels in the temperature range of 350–420 K. Unlike temperature, pressure had minor influence on the lean flammability limit. For all measured samples (pure hydrocarbons and fuels), the lean limit decreases with increasing molecular weight.
From the journal
Fire safety journal
ISSN : 0379-7112

Bibliographic information

Language:
English
Type:
Journal Article
In AGRIS since:
2019
Extent:
102851
Publisher:
Elsevier Ltd
All titles:
"Lean flammability limits of alternative aviation fuels"@eng
Other:
"Pre-press version"
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Bibliographic information

Language:
English
Type:
Journal Article
In AGRIS since:
2019
Extent:
102851
Publisher:
Elsevier Ltd
All titles:
"Lean flammability limits of alternative aviation fuels"@eng
Other:
"Pre-press version"