Written Paper

Hypocholesterolemic effect of barley foods on healthy men  [1989]

Newman, R.K. Lewis, S.E. Newman, C.W. Boik, R.J. et al.

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Certain cultivars of hulless barley, rich in water-soluble fiber, have a hypocholesterolemic effect in the chick. Fourteen volunteer men were randomly assigned to a barley or 75% wheat/25% wheat bran diet supplements which were substituted into their normal diets for 28 days. Barley and wheat foods provided 42 g of estimated total dietary fiber daily. Subjects who consumed wheat had significantly increased serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol when compared to pre-treatment levels. Barley subjects who had average pre-treatment levels had no significant effects, but for those subjects who had higher pre-treatment levels, total and LDL-cholesterol levels were reduced. A regression model for predicting the effects of wheat and barley diets based on pre-treatment levels is presented. The type of dietary fiber, soluble versus insoluble, and level of serum cholesterol are considerations in predicting the degree of hypocholesterolemic effect in cereal grains

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Nutrition reports international (USA)

ISSN : 0029-6635