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The National Agricultural Library is one of four national libraries of the United States, with locations in Beltsville, Maryland and Washington, D.C. It houses one of the world's largest and most accessible agricultural information collections and serves as the nexus for a national network of state land-grant and U.S. Department of Agriculture field libraries. In fiscal year 2011 (Oct 2010 through Sept 2011) NAL delivered more than 100 million direct customer service transactions.

Journal Article

Journal article

Lessons from animal trainers: the effect of acoustic structure on an animal's response  [1991]

McConnell, P.B. (University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI);

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The central question posed by this chapter is whether some physical properties of sound have consistent, species-independent effects on the response of an animal receiver. Research on professional animal trainers showed that trainers, of many linguistic and geographic backgrounds, used short, rapidly repeated broadband notes to stimulate motor activity and longer, continuous narrow-band notes to inhibit activity. Controlled tests on laboratory-raised domestic pups supported the hypothesis that short, rapidly repeated notes stimulate motor activity in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris). These studies are discussed in relation to the use of the same acoustic structures by nonhuman animals, and the hypothesis that some sounds are particularly effective in influencing the internal state and subsequent behavior of the mammals and birds who hear them

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Perspectives in ethology (USA)

ISSN : 0738-4394