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The Scientific Electronic Library Online - SciELO is an electronic library covering a selected collection of Brazilian scientific journals. The library is an integral part of a project being developed by FAPESP - Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, in partnership with BIREME - the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information. Since 2002, the Project is also supported by CNPq - Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico. The Project envisages the development of a common methodology for [...]

Journal Article

Journal article

Dieta cetogênica no tratamento de epilepsias farmacorresistentes  [2004]

Nonino-Borges, Carla Barbosa(Universidade de São Paulo Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto Hospital das Clínicas); Bustamante, Vera Cristina Terra(Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto Hospital das Clínicas Centro de Cirurgia de Epilepsia de Ribeirão Preto); Rabito, Estela Iraci(Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto Hospital das Clínicas Divisão de Nutrologia); Inuzuka, Luciana Midoro(Faculdade de Ribeirão Preto Hospital das Clínicas Centro de Cirurgia de Epilepsia de Ribeirão Preto); et al.

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Epilepsy is a chronic condition that affects 0.5% to 1.0% of the population in developed countries. This prevalence may be higher in developing countries. A significant proportion of the patients, nearly one third of them will have their condition evolved into a stage of uncontrolled crises, in some cases, surgical procedure may be indicated. However, for several patients, surgery is not possible. In these cases, ketogenic diet is a therapeutic option, especially for children. It is supposed that nearly one third of the patients that use the ketogenic diet, experience seizure control or reduction in the number of seizures. The current study presents methods of preparing and using ketogenic diet. The diet must be individualized, considering the recommendations for calorie intake, amounts of fat, protein and specific carbohydrates. Patients must be monitored, since side effects related to the diet can occur. Parents and caregivers must be informed about ketogenic diet and how it works; so that greater acceptability and adherence to this therapy may be achieved.

From the journal

Revista de Nutrição

ISSN : 1415-5273