Written Paper


O. V. Sidorenko Il'ina, I. V.

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Grain production is rightfully considered a backbone segment of the agroindustrial complex and the basis for solving the food problem. In the formation of the national grain potential, the role of individual regions is not the same, since the territorial features of the natural and climatic and economic conditions predetermine significant differences in the conduct of economic activities. The Oryol region has the potential for sustainable development of the grain industry and self-sufficiency in its own food, but the mechanism for the functioning of agro-industrial production, taking into account the new conditions, namely, the implementation of the import substitution strategy, Russia's membership in the World Trade Organization, its participation in the Eurasian Economic Union and other regional associations on the economic space of the CIS, requires improvement. There is an objective need to develop a set of organizational and economic measures that enhance the stability of the effective functioning of the grain economy. The purpose of the author's research is to study the development trends, assess the stability and efficiency of grain production in the context of justifying the factors that increase output from a unit of land area and increase the profitability of agricultural organizations. The theoretical significance of the research results is that they can serve as a basis for the further development of a methodology for identifying factors that a
ffect the growth of yields of cereals and leguminous crops. From a practical point of view, the dynamic development of grain production will attract and significantly improve the efficiency of investment in agriculture, food and processing industries, ensure the integrated development of rural areas, the formation of a single economic space, equalize the living conditions of the rural population and increase its incomes


Legumes and Groat Crops