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The National Agricultural Library is one of four national libraries of the United States, with locations in Beltsville, Maryland and Washington, D.C. It houses one of the world's largest and most accessible agricultural information collections and serves as the nexus for a national network of state land-grant and U.S. Department of Agriculture field libraries. In fiscal year 2011 (Oct 2010 through Sept 2011) NAL delivered more than 100 million direct customer service transactions.

Journal Article

Journal article

Effect of dietary protein, lipid and carbohydrate ratio on growth, feed efficiency and body composition of pikeperch Sander lucioperca fingerlings  [2005]

Nyina-Wamwiza, L.; Xu, X.L.; Blanchard, G.; Kestemont, P.;

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Pikeperch Sander lucioperca fingerlings were fed nine practical diets containing three levels of protein (P = 34%, 43% and 50%), lipid (L = 10%, 16% and 22%) and carbohydrate (C = 10%, 15% and 20%) for 10 weeks in a recirculating water system at 23 degrees C. Dietary treatments were distributed by orthogonal design with dietary energy content ranging from 15.5 to 23.1 MJ kg(-1) diet. Significant differences (P < 0.05) in weight gain (%) and feed efficiency (FE) were observed after feeding trial. Relatively low growth and FE were found in fish fed diets containing 34% dietary protein level compared with that of fish fed diets with 43-50% protein levels, suggesting that 34% dietary protein probably is below the protein requirements of pikeperch fingerlings. Fish fed diets containing P43L10C15, P43L22C20 and P50L16C20 had significantly (P < 0.05) higher weight gain and FE than fish fed the diets containing other dietary P/L/C ratios. There was no significant difference in weight gain and FE between fish fed diets of P43L10C15, P43L22C20 and P50L16C20. These results may indicate that pikeperch require at least 43% of dietary protein for adequate growth and FE, and considering the fish growth and feed ingredient cost P43L10C15 diet is more cost-effective formulation for pikeperch fingerling. However, protein efficiency was not significantly affected by dietary P/L/C ratio.


Aquaculture research

ISSN : 1355-557X