Written Paper

Some studies on the morphology of kinnow mandarin and feutrell's early  [2008]

Khan, M.M. (University of Agriculture, Faisalabad (Pakistan). Inst. of Horticultural Sciences) Mumtaz, S. (University of Agriculture, Faisalabad (Pakistan). Inst. of Horticultural Sciences) Ahmad, S. (University of Agriculture, Faisalabad (Pakistan). Inst. of Horticultural Sciences) Abbas, M. et al.

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Study was carried out to explore the descriptive characteristics of two citrus cultivars viz. Kinnow mandarin and Feutell's early. Tree characteristics: tree shape, tree growth habit, leaf division, leaf apex and petiole wings were explored. As for as the fruit description is concerned, fruiting season, chemical and physical nature of the fruit was explored. Tree growth of both Kinnow Mandarin and Feutrell's Early was spreading and spheroid with simple leaf division. Leaf lamina attachment was brevipetiolate and petiole wing was absent in both cultivars. Leaf apex was acute in Kinnow Mandarin while it was obtuse in Feutell's Early. Fruits of Kinnow were sphero6d in shape and that of Feutrell's Early were obloid. Maximum fruit weight (133.4 g) was observed in Feutrell's Early on 30th December and 164.3g in Kinnow Mandarin on 26th March. Fruit colour of Feutrell's Early turned to Indian orange on 3rd December and that of Kinnow became Spanish or ange on 11th March. In Feutrell's Early TSS/acid ratio was highest (20.05) in mid January while in Kinnow the highest TSS/acid (25.34) was recorded on 11th March. Organoleptic values for Feutrell's Early were highest in late January and were lowest in November. Kinnow showed excellent organoleptic values during February-March and minimum in early December.