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Institutul de Cercetări şi Amenajări Silvice (ICAS) este o instituţie publică de interes naţional, cu personalitate juridică, aflată în coordonarea Ministerului Mediului şi Pădurilor (Legea nr.46/2008), specializată în cercetare ştiinţifică, dezvoltare tehnologică, proiectare de investiţii, acordarea de consultanţă tehnică de specialitate, precum şi pentru implementarea de tehnologii noi în vederea gestionării durabile a pădurilor.

Journal Article

Journal article

Allozyme variation in Pinus cembra and P. sibirica: differentiation between populations and species  [2008]

POLITOV D.V., BELOKON M.M., BELOKON Y.S.;

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Siberian stone pine (Pinus sibirica Du Tour) is one of the main forest-forming tree species in boreal forests of Eurasia. Large edible seeds of this species have an important resource value because of their high nutritious properties. Development of approaches to establishment of early cone producing Siberian stone pine stands including utilization of corresponding genetic background is one of the priorities of forest resource management. The goal of our study was to evaluate the effect of stand density on the differentiation of trees by the age of first reproduction and the relationship of allozyme heterozygosity and morphological traits variability in Siberian stone pine. Morphological and allozyme variability in artificial Pinus sibirica stands with high and low density was investigated. In the high-density stand the distance between trees was 0.7 and 3 meters (4080 trees per ha) while in the lowdensity stand it was 8 and 8 meters (144 trees per ha). Age of formation of first male and female cones was evaluated by retrospective method based on analysis of tracks of cones on a shoot bark. Tree height, diameter and number of male, female and vegetative shoots in a crown of model trees were measured. Genotypes of the trees were determined by 29 isozyme loci coding for 16 enzymes (ADH, FDH, FEST, GDH, GOT, IDH, LAP, MDH, MNR, PEPCA, 6-PGD, PGI, PGM, SDH, SKDH, SOD). In the low-density stand, the portion of generative trees was higher and differentiation of
trees by age of reproduction starting was lower in spite of the smaller age of trees as compared to the high-density stand. In both samples, the age of formation of first generative organs was related negatively with stem height, stem diameter and number of female shoots. In the high-density stand, positive relation of age of first reproduction with total number of shoots and number of male shoots was found. In both samples nonreproductive trees were less heterozygous at isozyme loci as compared to trees starting cone production. Allozyme heterozygosity correlated positively with the age of first cone production in the high-density stand only. We conclude that the degree of competition between trees due to different stand density determined age and timing of first reproduction and development of tree crowns. The relationship of allozyme heterozygosity and the age of first reproduction was expressed more in the high-density stand of Siberian stone pine.

From the journal

Annals of Forest Research