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R4D is a free access on-line portal containing the latest information about research funded by DFID, including details of current and past research in over 30,000 project and document records. You can search the information on the site in many different ways - browsing by region, country or subject, or searching using key words, and an advanced search based on Boolean logic. There is also a search for research contacts. This means that you can quickly find the information you need on the subjects that interest you.
The completely degraded and desertified pasture land of Nakosongola, Uganda had been the subject of repeated rehabilitation efforts that failed when large termite populations destroyed young grass seedlings. Soil erosion resulting from this degradation caused nearby water sources to become heavily silted and impaired. A simple solution ended up being a breakthrough on a problem that had eluded ...
SUBJECT: termites; rehabilitation; grasslands; livestock; livestock production
Vicente, P.C. et al. [2013-01-01]
Voter education campaigns often aim to increase political participation and accountability. We followed a randomized campaign against electoral violence sponsored by an international NGO during the 2007 Nigerian elections. This paper investigates whether the effects of the campaign were transmitted indirectly through kinship, chatting, and geographical proximity. For individuals personally tar ...
SUBJECT: improving institutions for pro-poor growth in africa and south asia; social networks; political violence; political participation; elections
Tanner, C. [2013-01-01]
<p> DFID are looking to propose that the UK supports a package of measures to strengthen land transparency and ultimately governance. This work is of a high priority for DFID and the wider UK Government. Following further research on the evidence and internal discussions, DFID have identified a gap relating to two specific questions: <br/><ul> <li>What are the impacts of large-scale land acqui ...
SUBJECT: miscellaneous (research communication and uptake); land access; gender; rural livelihoods; investment
Gereffi, G. [2013-01-01]
Contemporary globalization has been marked by significant shifts in the organization and governance of global industries. In the 1970s and 1980s, one such shift was characterized by the emergence of buyer-driven and producer-driven commodity chains. In the early 2000s, a more differentiated typology of governance structures was introduced, which focused on new types of coordination in global v ...
SUBJECT: globalization; value chain; globalisation; governance
FAC Working Paper 56. Agrarian Labour Relations in Zimbabwe after Over a Decade of Land and Agrarian Reform
Chambati, W. [2013-01-01]
This paper begins highlighting some key features that shape agrarian labour relations in Zimbabwe, illustrated through the setting of Goromonzi district. The new agrarian structure that forms the basis of the reconfigured agricultural production systems and labour relations is then analysed. This allows for the examination of the labour mobilisation patterns among the different classes of prod ...
SUBJECT: agricultural labour markets; labour relations; labour market; agricultural workers
The role of agricultural biodiversity in strengthening resilience to climate change: towards an analytical framework
Hodgkin, T. et al. [2013-01-01]
Traditional agricultural communities manage biodiversity at various scales, creating dynamic landscape mosaics of fields, gardens, orchards, pastures and ecosystem patches. Agricultural biodiversity and associated traditional knowledge are essential to the climate change resilience of these landscapes, but their roles are largely overlooked by researchers and policy makers. A review of 172 cas ...
SUBJECT: agriculture; biodiversity; resilience; farming systems; climate change
LDPI Working Paper 19. Land Grabbing along Livestock Migration Routes in Gadarif State, Sudan: Impacts on Pastoralism and the Environment
Sulieman, H.M. [2013-01-01]
Grabbing of pastoralists traditional land to put it under the commercial farming system, which has widely been adopted as a development and investment strategy in Sudan, is creating a cruel dilemma of increasing both resource conflict and environmental degradation. This is one of the fundamental reasons that the country has earned the reputation as a home of bloody civil wars and the country i ...
SUBJECT: transhumance; pastoral areas; land rights; livestock management; pastoralists
Thompson, J. et al. [2013-01-01]
In this paper we argue that over the last 40 years the context of agronomic research in the developing world has changed significantly. Three main changes are identified: the neoliberal turn in economic and social policy and the rise to prominence of the participation and environmental agendas. These changes have opened up new spaces for contestation around the goals, priorities, methods, resu ...
SUBJECT: agriculture; developing countries; agricultural research; agronomy
Shark Variable New Antigen Receptor (VNAR) Single Domain Antibody Fragments: Stability and Diagnostic Applications
Angerosa, J. et al. [2013-01-01]
The single variable new antigen receptor domain antibody fragments (VNARs) derived from shark immunoglobulin new antigen receptor antibodies (IgNARs) represent some of the smallest known immunoglobulin-based protein scaffolds. As single domains, they demonstrate favorable size and cryptic epitope recognition properties, making them attractive in diagnosis and therapy of numerous disease states ...
SUBJECT: plasmodium falciparum; disease diagnosis; antibodies; malaria
Wollenberg, E. et al. [2013-01-01]
This report proposes a gender strategy for climate change mitigation and the promotion of low emissions agriculturethe focus of CCAFS Theme 3: Pro-Poor Climate Change Mitigation. Specifically, we provide a strategy for assuring that mitigation efforts meet the goals of poverty alleviation and food security, and do so in ways that benefit poor women materially, personally and socially. We focus ...
SUBJECT: agriculture; smallholder farmers; mitigation; gender; gender issues