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Eldis supports free and open access to useful and relevant research on global development challenges. Eldis is hosted by the Knowledge, Impact and Policy team at the Institute of Development Studies in the UK but our services profile work by a growing global network of research organisations and knowledge brokers. These partners help to ensure that Eldis can present a truly global picture of development research. More...

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ELDIS

This paper summarises GRAIN’s view of what should be done with TRIPS Article 27.3(b) during its 1999 Review. Article 27 subparagraph 3(b) is particularly contentious, requiring all WTO member states to grant legal monopolies on the very basis of food security: crop biodiversity.<B>Recommendations:</B>remove biodiversity from the legal jurisdiction of WTO by providing broader exclusions under T ...

SUBJECT: biotechnology; crop biodiversity; environment.bioprospecting and iprs; trips; ipr

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ELDIS

The purpose of this book is to identify key IPR issues and choices and to describe the broader context within which decisions are being made. The full report contains 28 consensus recommendations and a presents a selection of arguments and counter arguments from Crucible Group members on each subject.Subjects discussed:Does IP contribute to genetic erosion, or does the diversification of breed ...

SUBJECT: biotechnology; environment.multilateral environmental agreements.multilateral environmental agreements trade; environment.bioprospecting and iprs; union for the protection of new varieties of plants; trips

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Examines the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and tries to analyse those areas in which the Agreement will impact, either positively or negatively, on sustainable development in developing countries such as Pakistan. While it contemplates a number of possible reforms, and suggests ways within the Agreement to interpret provisions to developing coun ...

SUBJECT: biotechnology; trips; ipr; agriculture biotechnology; trade policy.wto.wto and trips

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Assesses the socio-political ramifications of agricultural biotechnology and recombinant genetics in relation to increased food security in developing countriesConcludes that sustainable development and sustainable food security will not be achievable without better governance and a new dimension of solidarity between the rich and the poor of this world, but also not without new technologies s ...

SUBJECT: biotechnology; genetically modified crops; gm; agriculture biotechnology; genetic engineering

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ELDIS

This discussion paper reviews the complexities and uncertainties surrounding the impact of the current multilateral Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) regime, on plants and animals, on plant variety protection systems, and on food security and agricultural biodiversity. It concludes that these ambiguities caution against any strengthening of such rights at this time.<B>Short-term issues for t ...

SUBJECT: biotechnology; environment.bioprospecting and iprs; trips; ipr; agriculture biotechnology

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ELDIS

One of the main objectives of Farmers' Rights is to allow farmers, their communities, and countries in all regions, fully to participate in the benefits derived, at present and in the future, from the improved use of Plant Genetic Resources, through plant breeding and other scientific methods. The purpose of this paper is to present the main issues that need to be considered in order to implem ...

SUBJECT: food security ipr; participation; biotechnology; genetically modified crops; gm

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ELDIS

The Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) claim the introduction of plant variety protection (a form of patent law) will contribute to food security, sustainable agriculture, and the protection of the environment and of biodiversity. This paper assesses the UPOV argument in specific reference to Africa.GRAIN state that the UPOV assertion is unfounded and misleading, and cl ...

SUBJECT: biotechnology; patent; genetically engineered; environment.bioprospecting and iprs; union for the protection of new varieties of plants

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ELDIS

The rice blast disease and industry’s approaches to dealing with it provide a clear example of how corporate research and development (R&D) strategies are diverging from the needs and means of farmers, particularly in the poorer countries of South and Southeast Asia. This paper assesses this divergence.<B>Costs and benefits for the stakeholders:</B>for companies, genetic engineering:provides a ...

SUBJECT: biotechnology; genetically engineered; agriculture biotechnology; trade policy; farmers rights

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ELDIS

The International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA) is one of the most focused promoters of gene technologies in Asia. Through the formation and support of key local elites, ISAAA is helping carry out an agenda set by transnational corporations (TNCs), in the name of Asia’s rural poor. This paper assesses the successes and drawbacks of ISAAA's presence in Asia<B> ...

SUBJECT: biotechnology; genetically engineered; genetically modified crops; gm; agriculture biotechnology

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ELDIS

'Golden rice' is a genetically modified rice engineered to contain vitamin A or its precursor, beta-carotene. Monsanto was quick to jump on the humanitarian bandwagon by announcing royalty-free licenses for any of its technologies used to further the development of the rice. Among other things, 'golden rice' is supposed to exemplify how genetic engineering can directly benefit consumers, which ...

SUBJECT: biotechnology; genetically engineered; ipr; agriculture biotechnology; trade policy

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