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Islamic Azad University is the biggest University in Semnan Province, Iran. It is among the top level universities in Iran and currently has more than 4000 students in different Bachelor of Science (BSc.), Master of Science (Msc.) and PhD courses in a variety of basic, engineering, humanity and medical sciences.


Damask rose is one of the most important aromatic plants over the world, although mostly cultivated in Bulgaria, Turkey, and Iran. Damask rose is used not only as an ornamental plant but also for extracting essential oils from petals and buds. From flowers is also obtained rose water, rose concrete and rose absolute for being applied in foodstuffs, perfumery and cosmetics (essential oil, concr ...

SUBJECT: nerol; citronellol; rose oxide; welfare; geraniol


Abstract Three polyphenolic compounds; 1,3,6-tri-O-galloyl-β-D-glucopyranose (TGG) (1), methyl gallate (2) and hydroxyquinol (3) have been isolated from the aerial parts of Fiddlewood Citharexylum spinosum L. The structure of the isolated compounds have been established on the basis of spectroscopic methods in addition to comparison with literature data. These compounds in addition to the meth ...

SUBJECT: anti-allergic activity; β citharexylum spinosum l; -hexosaminidase enzyme; polyphenolic compound


The various organic extracts from the leaves of Leucas aspera were screened for their antibacterial, antifungal and larvicidal activities against selected bacterial, fungal strains and mosquito larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus. Antimicrobial activity was carried out using disc-diffusion method and MIC of the extract was tested by the broth micro-dilution method. The results revealed that all t ...

SUBJECT: mortality; minimum inhibitory concentration; ethnomedicinal plant; leucas aspera; bioactivities


Lipid and volatile composition of Borago officinalis L. leaf was investigated. The results showed that α-linolenic acid was the major fatty acid followed by stearidonic acid. Total lipids were composed of neutral and polar lipids. Polar lipids were mainly composed of phosphatidylcholine as the major phospholipid, whereas monogalactosyldiacylglycerol was the major galactolipid. Quant to neutral ...

SUBJECT: lipids; fatty acids; borage (borago officinalis l.); leaf; volatiles


Euphorbia plants displayed a wide range of biological activities including anticancer, antitumor, anti-diabetic, anticoagulant, antiproliferative, antioxidant, cytotoxic and modulation of multidrug resistance. Euphorbia boissierana Prokh. is one of the 45 species growing in Georgia. A new lupane triterpene glycoside (1) was isolated from the MeOH extract of the aerial parts of E. boissierana. ...

SUBJECT: lupane; betulin; euphorbia boissierana prokh; euphorbiaceae; triterpene glycoside


Indian folkloric and traditional medicinal systems are abundantly using medicinal plants or their decoctions for the treatment of various ailments. However, this traditional knowledge is on the verge of extinction, and there is an urgent necessity to conserve this oral traditional knowledge mainly by proper documentation and scientific authentication. The present ethnobotanical study was carri ...

SUBJECT: namakkal; beneficial effects; solanaceae; angiosperms; medicinal flora


Currently, synthetic preservatives are added to foods to increase their microbiological safety, but the demand for foods free of these agents is on the rise. Butia odorata Barb. Rodr. is a tree native to southern South America, with fruits rich in bioactive compounds. In this investigation, hexane (BHE) and methanol (BME) extracts of B. odorata fruit were evaluated for their antibacterial acti ...

SUBJECT: phytosterols; foodborne pathogens; chemical characterization; antibacterial; synthetic preservatives


In this work, the first phytochemical analysis ever performed on the fruits of Styrax officinalis L. (Styracaceae) collected from a population vegetating in the Mounts Lucretili National Park (Italy) was reported. Fifteen compounds were identified: tri-α-linolenoyl-sn-glycerol (1), 1,2-di-α-linolenoyl-3-linoleoyl-sn-glycerol (2), 1-α-linolenoyl-2-palmitoyl-sn-glycerol (3), 1,2-di-α-linolenoyl- ...

SUBJECT: ethno-pharmacology; phytochemical analysis; chemotaxonomy; styrax officinalis l; nutraceutics


The aim of this study was to quantify the amount of phenolic compounds and flavonoids in extracts from Thymus vulgaris and Origanum vulgare L. and to evaluate the antioxidant activity of these extracts. Extracts were obtained by employing three different techniques: low pressure solvent extraction, Soxhlet, and ultrasound methods. The effects of phenolic and flavonoid concentrations on the per ...

SUBJECT: flavonoids; origanum vulgare l; thymus vulgaris; phenolic compounds; separation processes