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The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) is a regional intergovernmental learning and knowledge sharing centre serving the eight regional member countries of the Hindu Kush Himalayas – Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan – and based in Kathmandu, Nepal. Globalization and climate change have an increasing influence on the stability of fragile mountain ecosystems and the livelihoods of mountain people. ICIMOD aims to assist mountain people to understand these changes, adapt to [...]

Floods are the most common water-induced hazard in the Hindu Kush Himalayas and have seriously affected the lives and livelihoods of many people, especially those living in the Brahmaputra and Koshi river basins. Government efforts to protect people from flood waters and mitigate the impacts of flood have largely consisted of structural measures like embankments; however, these have met with m ...

SUBJECT: climate change; hazards and disaster; floods; governance; adaptation

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The Hindu Kush Himalayan region is vulnerable to many types of hazards, and especially to floods and landslides. This publication presents the findings of a detailed assessment of the accuracy of NOAA CPC_RFE2.0 satellite rainfall estimates over the central Himalayas of Nepal. The results indicate that the overall spatial detection and trends are good, and with appropriate bias correction, the ...

SUBJECT: geoinformation and rs; sre; rainfall; flood forecasting; floods

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The diversification of agriculture has been shown to provide a range of benefits in terms of household adaptive capacity. The integration of trees on cultivated land is a particularly promising form of agricultural diversification. This publication presents the results of a case study carried out in China, Nepal, and Pakistan which reviews the use of trees for agricultural diversification by c ...

SUBJECT: farming systems; climate change; agroforestry and shifting cultivation; adaptation

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This publication presents the results of a case study carried out in Pakistan focused on local water governance systems in Chitral and the local capacity to adapt to changing climate conditions as part of a larger project documenting local adaptation strategies to climate-induced water stress and hazards in the HKH region. The publication looks at the impact of governmental and non-governmenta ...

SUBJECT: climate change; water management; governance; adaptation

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This publication documents a study that uses a quantitative spatial analytic approach to environmentally stratify the KSL based on the Global Environmental Stratification approach. The results are intended for use as a baseline for climate change research, for comparative studies, and to model the projected impacts of climate change on the landscape.

SUBJECT: climate change; biodiversity

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In the present publication, thirty technologies and approaches from the Nepal Conservation Approaches and Technologies (NEPCAT) database, documented using the WOCAT tool, are being published as printed fact sheets to facilitate sharing with a wider audience. The fact sheets are designed to support the efforts of rural development, especially in Nepal, and provide impetus and ideas for decision ...

SUBJECT: water; natural resource management; natural resources; mountain technologies; natural resource and environment

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Since 2006, ICIMOD has commissioned various case studies as part of a study on flash flood risk reduction in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region. The purpose of these studies was to create a knowledge base on flash flood processes in different parts of the region with diverse climatic and socioeconomic conditions in order to understand existing flash flood risk management mechanisms, including pol ...

SUBJECT: case studies; landslides; capacity building; river basin; flash flood

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The countries of the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region produce more than 20% of all honey sold worldwide. Honey is an important source of income, nutrition, and medicine for mountain communities, and with growing demand for honey in developed countries and increasing prices, high-quality mountain honey offers excellent potential for export. However, producers in the region have limited access ...

SUBJECT: high value products and value chains; quality controls; mountain areas; honeybees; beekeeping

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As South Asia becomes more and more industrialized, populations are moving from an agrarian lifestyle to one that is increasingly urbanized. Increased industrialization and the growth of urban areas are generally linked to deterioration in air quality. Before appropriate approaches to air quality management to ensure the wellbeing of people living in urban areas can begin, a system for monitor ...

SUBJECT: atmospheric pollution; urban development; air pollution; air quality; environmental impact

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As South Asia becomes more and more industrialized, populations are moving from an agrarian lifestyle to one that is increasingly urbanized. Increased industrialization and the growth of urban areas are generally linked to deterioration in air quality. Before appropriate approaches to air quality management to ensure the wellbeing of people living in urban areas can begin, a system for monitor ...

SUBJECT: atmospheric pollution; urban development; air pollution; air quality; environmental impact

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