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Scientific Network Journal "Agrarian History" publishes scientific articles in which the historical patterns of development and functioning of the natural environment and human life in it are considered. Particular attention is paid to the prospects for the development of agriculture both in Russia and in various regions of the world. The agrarian development of Russia was very different from the development of agriculture in Western Europe. The evolution of the Russian countryside was perhaps the most striking example of the role tha [...]

The prison system in Russian society, as well as abroad, has existed since ancient times. Places of detention in the domestic state apparatus have always occupied an important place among other bodies and institutions. The state paid special attention to the use of prison labor as a cheap labor force. This attitude was practiced during the time of the Russian Empire, when there was such an ins ...

SUBJECT: agriculture; punishment; prisoner; warden; crime

POSTED TO: Agrarian History [2713-2447]

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The main function of a dwelling is to protect people from adverse meteorological influences (cold, wind, atmospheric precipitation) by creating an artificial human habitat during periods of work, rest, sleep, and restoration of vital energy. Centuries of experience show that wooden dwellings provide comfortable conditions for a long stay of people. In the North of Russia, timber is a tradition ...

SUBJECT: society; earth; tree; man; building

POSTED TO: Agrarian History [2713-2447]

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Land relations are traditionally considered one of the most significant and complex in the legal system of the state. They also hold a special place in the history of the Russian state. In modern Russia, the agrarian question is connected with the fate of not only 40 million people working in agriculture, but also 44 million citizens who are somehow involved in the sphere of land relations, as ...

SUBJECT: plow; slavs; nature; land; man

POSTED TO: Agrarian History [2713-2447]

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At the end of the 19th century, the Russian system of penitentiary institutions for juvenile offenders began to take shape. The Main Prison Administration of the Russian Empire paid special attention to the formation of organizations where juvenile criminals were taught the skills of agronomy and crafts. One of these institutions was the school of gardening, truck farming and beekeeping near t ...

SUBJECT: beekeeping; horticulture; main prison administration; gardening; school

POSTED TO: Agrarian History [2713-2447]

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By the beginning of the twentieth century, a network of specialized educational shelters for the correction of juvenile criminals was formed in the Russian Empire. Such institutions organically combined the teaching of general education subjects and agronomic skills. The Caucasian Society of Agricultural Correctional Institutions supervised the formation and operation of shelters for juvenile ...

SUBJECT: curriculum funding; agronomic skills; juvenile delinquent; russian empire; correctional institution

POSTED TO: Agrarian History [2713-2447]

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At the end of the 19th century, the Russian system of penitentiary institutions for juvenile offenders began to take shape. The Main Prison Administration of the Russian Empire paid special attention to the formation of organizations where juvenile criminals were taught the skills of agronomy and crafts. One of these institutions was the Tula school of truck farming and gardening. In 1893, a s ...

SUBJECT: tula; gardening; school; truck farming; juvenile criminals

POSTED TO: Agrarian History [2713-2447]

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The article discusses the processes of improving soil fertility by applying various types of fertilizers. Crop production in Russia and many other countries is characterized by a low level of stability of agrocenoses and poor phytosanitary condition of soils. This is confirmed by the wide spread of weed vegetation. In a number of regions, a new phenomenon has been discovered - non-infectious p ...

SUBJECT: agriculture; plant; farmer; weed

POSTED TO: Agrarian History [2713-2447]

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In recent decades, man-made pollution of the natural environment has covered large areas located near the industrial centers of Russian cities. In industrial cities, with the continuous increase in the scale of pollution, technogenic transformation of green spaces has become widespread. It is known that coniferous trees are most susceptible to toxicants, and, first of all, representatives of t ...

SUBJECT: environment; nature; industry; wood; man

POSTED TO: Agrarian History [2713-2447]

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The article examines the Adaevskaya horse (now more than 34 thousand heads), bred in Kazakhstan on the vast territory of the Aralokaspian desert. It became widespread in the current administrative boundaries of the Mangistau and Atyrau regions, occupying more than 30 million hectares of pastures. The Adayev horse comes from the Adayev tribe of Kazakhs who roamed the Aral-Caspian lowland. In th ...

SUBJECT: horse; nature; earth; man; food

POSTED TO: Agrarian History [2713-2447]

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