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Problems of Ecological Monitoring and Ecosystem Modelling (PEMEM) is an ongoing peer-reviewed scientific edition founded in 1976. In 2015, it was reorganized as a scientific quarterly journal.

Structure and current changes in the rainfall precipitation constituting erosion danger in northern Ukraine are considered. Date from meteorological stations “Kiev”, “Zhitomir” and “Novograd-Volynskiy” are used. It is found that parameters of rainfall are shifted in general towards potentially higher erosion hazard.

SUBJECT: ход дождя; erosion hazard; intensity of precipitation; current changes; rain course

POSTED TO: Проблемы экологического мониторинга и моделирования экосистем [0207-2564]

The paper addresses long-term phenological trends for the white birch in the central part of European Russia based on multi-year observations of the beginning of the first leaf emergence phase; end of the leaf-fall phase, and vegetation duration for the period of 1976-2015 (the most intense global warming period). Overall, the current global warming affects the timeline of birch phases; howeve ...

SUBJECT: the first leaf emergence phase; climate change; развертывание первых листьев; period of vegetation; скорость фенологического тренда

POSTED TO: Проблемы экологического мониторинга и моделирования экосистем [0207-2564]

Correlation analysis of observational data of 2012 and 2013 on the mesooligotrophic bog in Komi Republic is conducted using the eddy covariance method. Vegetation period data are grouped by years. "Daytime" and "nighttime" data of each year are treated separately. Forty eight parameters are analyzed including wind characteristics, horizontal fluxes of substances and the Monin-Obukhov scale. Re ...

SUBJECT: correlation analysis; greenhouse gases; парниковые газы; komi republic; peatland

POSTED TO: Проблемы экологического мониторинга и моделирования экосистем [0207-2564]

The paper addresses main objectives and principles of monitoring of surface waters quality and condition of freshwater ecosystems in Russia by using bioindication methods. An analysis of the formation and current condition of hydrobiological observations of surface water pollution in Russia is provided, including an accuracy assessment for data collected by the Russian Federal Service for Hydr ...

SUBJECT: bioindication; государственная наблюдательная сеть; ecological modification; биоиндикация; гидробиологические показатели

POSTED TO: Проблемы экологического мониторинга и моделирования экосистем [0207-2564]

He article presents an analysis of the measurement results of lead and cadmium in the air and precipitation performed during the periods 1982-1988 and 2005-2013 years at the 13 monitoring stations which are located at background areas of the East European region including the territory of East Germany, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and the European part of Russia. Background monitoring s ...

SUBJECT: загрязнение атмосферы; atmospheric pollution; the anthropogenic emissions to the atmosphere; антропогенные эмиссии в атмосферу; the concentration of lead and cadmium

POSTED TO: Проблемы экологического мониторинга и моделирования экосистем [0207-2564]

The Paris climate agreement gives us the opportunity to implement forestry projects that are interesting to the Russian business as reducing your carbon footprint. Planting and conservation of forests on forest, agricultural, and other lands requires significant funding, which could be done by implementing mutually beneficial forest projects. The business will receive the reduction/capture of ...

SUBJECT: депонирование углерода; климатическое соглашение; лесные проекты; поглощение парниковых газов; carbon sequestration

POSTED TO: Проблемы экологического мониторинга и моделирования экосистем [0207-2564]

ANTHRAX

Yasjukevich, V.V. et al. [2016]

The article gives a brief description of anthrax as a nosological unit as well as an analysis of the status and causes of outbreaks of this disease on the Yamal Peninsula (the village of Yar-sale, Yamal district) in July-August 2016. The outbreak occurred against a background of large-scale epidemic among the reindeer, with the result that died 2 572 heads of deer, ill 24 people, one of them d ...

SUBJECT: нозологическая единица; сибирская язва; эпизоотия; epizootic; temperature anomalies

POSTED TO: Проблемы экологического мониторинга и моделирования экосистем [0207-2564]

Emission of GHG from organic soils is considered. The organic substance of plant residues as well as one of the soil are subdivided into two active compartments and an inert compartment: resistant plant material - RPM, decomposition plant material - DPM, inert organic material - IOM are distinguished, as well as pools of microbiological biomass, BIO, and humus, HUM. All major processes of C an ...

SUBJECT: no; углерод; immobilization; nitrogen; co2

POSTED TO: Проблемы экологического мониторинга и моделирования экосистем [0207-2564]

The paper presents estimates of anthropogenic emissions of shortlived climate-active substances of anthropogenic origin, including emissions of methane (СН4), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and black carbon in Russia within the period from 2000 to 2013. According to the national inventory the total СН4 emissions in the country increased by 29 % in 2013 (41.6 million tons) compared to the 2000 level ...

SUBJECT: короткоживущие загрязнители; изменение климата; гидрофторуглероды; black carbon; черный углерод

POSTED TO: Проблемы экологического мониторинга и моделирования экосистем [0207-2564]

This publication is devoted to identifying the most vulnerable on longterm dynamics (1998 - 2014) in respect of certain infectious and vector-borne diseases of subjects of the Russian Federation. As a criterion of vulnerability of the selected excess of morbidity (the incidence rate - the number of cases in recalculation on 100 thousand population) and the average for the Russian Federation in ...

SUBJECT: russian federation; regional vulnerability; региональная уязвимость; заболеваемость; morbidity

POSTED TO: Проблемы экологического мониторинга и моделирования экосистем [0207-2564]