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E-NAMTILA is the Syrian Electronic Academic Database, a new scientific publishing agency which will be the fruit of cooperation between a number of researchers from different experience backgrounds and nationalities.
Evaluation of tetraploid induction in forage sorghum cultivar “Omid-Bakhsh” using colchicine treatment
Hemadesh, Ibrahim et al. 
Polyploidy induction can be used as a method to improve forage quality and crop yield. Additionally, autopolyploidy may play a key role in tolerance pathways of biotic and abiotic stresses, such as nutrient deficiency, drought, extreme temperatures, pests, and pathogens. Colchicine is widely used as a polyploidy inducer in plant species. To examine this ability in forage sorghum, the shoot mer ...
SUBJECT: polyploidy; forage sorghum; colchicine
The influence of various levels of ammonium to total nitrogen on post-harvest performance of three apple cultivars (Golab Kohans, Gala, and Granny Smith)
alhaj alali, Fares et al. 
Apple is one of the most popular fruit worldwide with a continuous demand for higher quality apples, especially storable varieties. Nitrogen is one of the most important elements in apple growth and production. Additionally, different nitrogen forms can have different effects on plant growth and fruit qualities. In this research, we investigated the effect of five types of nutrient solutions w ...
SUBJECT: ammonium nitrate; storage; malus domestica; nutrient solutions; pre-harvest nutrition
Wastewater treatment efficiency of an experimental MBBR system under different influent concentrations
Aldris, Bayan et al. 
One of the major concerns of today's world is water security. The rapid developments in biochemical studies have opened the door for more progress in the biological water treatment method. Moving-bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) system is one of the relatively new water treatment methods which have witnessed a rapid expansion in numbers during the past few years. In this work, an experimental MBBR s ...
SUBJECT: mbbr; wastewater; biological treatment
Dekhili, Nourelhouda 
Bacterial corrosion is the phenomenon where sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) metabolic acts help creating favorable conditions for corrosion to occur. This type of corrosion is widely observed in anaerobic industrial environments especially in petroleum pipelines and might result in severe losses in oil and gas industries. Many commercial substances are used in the petroleum industry in order t ...
SUBJECT: corrosion; n80 steel; sulfate-reducing bacteria; bacterial corrosion; biocide
Mouhamad, Raghad et al. 
Carbon mineralization is the phenomenon where organic carbon forms are converted to carbon dioxide (CO2) which is then released to the surrounding environment. Many factors can affect carbon mineralization such as drought conditions and organic material compositing stage. This experiment aims to investigate the effect of different manure application levels in addition to different water availa ...
SUBJECT: carbon dioxide; soil; organic fertilization; drought
The study of purified secondary metabolites extracts of Bacillus subtilis and its chemotaxis effect on biofilm-forming bacteria
A. Al-Imara, Eman et al. 
Chemotaxis is the movement of a single cell organism as a reaction to a chemical stimulation in its surrounding environment. Biofilm-forming bacteria are the cause for numerous major health and environmental problems. Bacterial extracts were proven to induce negative chemotaxis reaction against biofilm-forming bacteria and biofilm development. Therefore, using and enhancing these extracts are ...
SUBJECT: secondary metabolites; bacillus subtilis; biofilm-forming bacteria; chemotaxis
The corrective effect of an NASM based resistance exercise on genu varum deformity in teenage football players
Shams Abrigh, Hamed et al. 
Background: The study of the factors affecting the enhancement of physical performance of individuals has been a subject of research for many years. Knee joint plays an essential role in supporting the body and transferring its weight during various activities. Therefore, it is important to fully understand knee anomalies to correct and reduce the effects of these abnormalities. The nature of ...
SUBJECT: nasm; genu varum; resistance exercise; football
Genetic similarity comparison between some Iranian and Middle Eastern sheep breeds using mitochondrial control region sequencing
Hamadalahmad, Abdulaziz et al. 
Sheep has been an essential source of food to the inhabitants of the Iranian plateau for centuries. Furthermore, this geographic area is considered the original place of sheep domestication. Phylogenetic studies are highly important in understanding the evolutionary relationships among species. This understanding assists in decision making and planning for genetic resources conservation progra ...
SUBJECT: mitochondrial genome; control region; middle east sheep; genetic distance; iranian sheep
A descriptive study for the strategic role of human resource flexibility as a full model of organizational ambidexterity in Isfahan Payame Noor University
ketabchi, monireh 
The behavior, practice, and skills of human resources can be effective in advancing the organizational goals of universities. Therefore, the strategic role that staff might play in the university to achieve its goals and maintain its position is an issue worth being addressed. The purpose of the article was to examine how human resource flexibility in the university facilitates organizational ...
SUBJECT: human resources flexibility; organizational ambidexterity; conceptual model
Bacteriological contamination status and phytochemical characteristics of Al-Chibayish marsh regional plants
Mouhamad, Raghad et al. 
This study aims to evaluate the status of Al-Chibayish marsh water and regional plants in regards to bacterial contamination and to investigate the phytochemical characteristics of the region’s plants. For this purpose, water samples were collected from three different sites of Al-Chebaysh marshes located in Dhi Qar Governorate, south of Iraq in 2017 to investigate water bacteriological contam ...
SUBJECT: ftir; al-chebaysh marsh; bacterial contamination