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Development of technologies and equipment for irrigation, sewerage and protection from harmful effects of water, regulation and managment of water resources.

 Quantitative and qualitative depletion of water resources in Ukraine because of the increase in climate aridity make the problem of integrated surface and ground water management more urgent. The integrated management is based on the water balance of the territories, which automatically takes into account natural and artificial features of water use.The paper presents the results of a long te ...

SUBJECT: водний баланс; агроландшафт; гідрохімічний спектр; water resources management.; water balance

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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The paper provides an overview of models and software used in decision support systems in irrigation. The models of biomass accumulation or evapotranspiration are the base of decision support systems in irrigation. The overview of the most famous systems is given, as well as an innovative irrigation control system "Irrigation online" is presented. The objective of the work is to share the expe ...

SUBJECT: моделювання вологоперенесення; software; рекомендації про початок поливу; recommendations for irrigation timing; moisture transfer’s modelling

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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Background of the study. Due to the increasing intensity and frequency of catastrophic floods occurrence, one of the most important tasks of the water management of Ukraine is to increase the efficiency of the existing system of flood protection due to the implementation of integrated flood risk management methods based on the assessment of flood hazard levels requirements according to Directi ...

SUBJECT: паводкова небезпека; руслові процеси; зони затоплення; flood zone; flood risks management

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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Relevance of research. Engineering drainage is an important element of the system of territory protection against the harmful water effects, which enables to carry out agro-industrial production, ensure safety for population, prevents floods and salinization development etc.  Considerable restoration of irrigation and drainage, which is planned to be carried out in the southern regions, requir ...

SUBJECT: field observations; groundwater table; затоплення; натурні дослідження; горизонтальний і вертикальний дренаж

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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The aim of the research is to present the development of scientifically-methodological foundations of the irrigated lands and water bodies’ ecological state’s assessment with the prospects for their improvement on the base of remote sensing data usage.  The development of evaluation of ecological state in the article highlights the stages of formation and improvement.The unified integrated app ...

SUBJECT: підсупутникові полігони; ecological and reclamation persistence of lands; ефект компенсації; категорії супутникової інформації; ecological condition

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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Purpose of research. To analyze the basic tendencies and prospects of the development of construction, reconstruction and restoration of irrigation and drainage systems in Ukraine and to outline the main areas of researches and achievements of Reclamation Department of the Institute on the issues of reliable and effective functioning of water management and reclamation complex.Research Method ...

SUBJECT: irrigation systems; зрошувальні системи; engineering infrastructure; інженерна інфраструктура; стратегія

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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Microirrigation is by far the most progressive irrigation method, with efficiencies reaching 92-98 %. According to the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, the world's agricultural land, which is irrigated through micro-irrigation systems, is constantly growing and now stands at over 20 million hectares. By the "Irrigation and drainage strategy in Ukraine until 2030" micro-irri ...

SUBJECT: micro irrigation equipment; системи керування поливами; нормативно-методична база; стратегічні напрями досліджень; irrigation regimes and water consumption

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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Traditional monitoring of water bodies has some advantages and disadvantages. The main disadvantages - the impossibility of simultaneous study of many waters bodies, the complexity of the study of distant objects. In addition, traditional methods are time consuming and costly. At the same time, remote sensing of the Earth and methods of processing satellite data using GIS technologies have man ...

SUBJECT: overgrowth; розміри; екологічний стан; remote sensing; water temperature

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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Introduction. Scientific support for measures aimed at providing centralized water supply to rural settlements has been entrusted to the Department of Agricultural Water Supply of UkrNIIGiM (now the Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation of NAAS) since 1991.The main task of this department of the institute was to develop scientific and technical solutions for reliable supply of all c ...

SUBJECT: water treatment technologies; biofilters; централізоване водопостачання; filtering theory; centralized water supply

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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Relevance of research. In order to ensure energy independence and food security of the state in the context of current climate change trends, the importance of reclaimed territories is increasing. By objectively assessing the agro-resource potential of individual regions and developing a strategy for its rational use, it is possible to significantly improve the productivity, stability, environ ...

SUBJECT: зрошення; продуктивність землеробства; міжгалузева оптимізація; water supply; біоенергетичне виробництво

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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