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The World Bank is the largest single source of development knowledge. The World Bank Open Knowledge Repository (OKR) is The World Bank’s official open access repository for its research outputs and knowledge products.

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository

The Onchocerciasis Control Program (OCP) was created in 1974 with two primary objectives. The first is the elimination of onchocerciasis as a public health problem and as an obstacle to socioeconomic development throughout an eleven-country area. The second is to leave participating countries in a position to maintain this achievements by enhancing national capacity to maintain control ...

SUBJECT: public health; riverblindness; disease surveillance; national surveillance; onchocerciasis control

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository

Health care labor is central to managing and delivering health services. Because recruitment and retention policies are key issues for purchasers, gaining insights into labor-purchasing mechanisms may permit them to be addressed more effectively. This paper is intended to provide a brief introduction to health care labor purchasing and the mechanisms through which it can have an impact o ...

SUBJECT: market failures; basic health; public health care; health care workers; international comparisons

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository

This case study analyzes the reasons for adoption and the implementation process of a key policy in Chhattisgarh state, India, to create a rural cadre of trained physicians in order to address the acute shortage of doctors in the state's primary health facilities. It documents the experience specific to Chhattisgarh state, but with its attention to the policy processes and implementatio ...

SUBJECT: curriculum; physiotherapy; vision; treatment; splints

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository

Can self-assessed health be relied on to identify the true socioeconomic gradients in health status? The self-assessed health of Russian adults in 2002 shows remarkably little gradient with respect to economic welfare. The authors document this finding and assess its robustness to the assumptions routinely made in measuring health and welfare. They find that the expected economic gradient only ...

SUBJECT: surgery; clinical outcomes; living standards; health indicators; extension

Journal Article

Journal article

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Open Knowledge Repository

Although much of the literature on child labor looks at the decision on whether to send a child to school or to work (or both), little attention has focused on the number of hours worked. This article analyzes the determinants of school attendance and hours worked by children in Pakistan and Nicaragua. A theoretical model of children's labor supply is used to simultaneously estimate the ...

SUBJECT: child labor; safety; living standards; resources for children; unskilled labor

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository

Assessing Social Exclusion and Mobility in Brazil

Marió, Estanislao Gacitúa et al. [2005]

Inequality, exclusion and lack of mobility are unfortunate characteristics of life for Brazil's poorest and minority citizens. It is a pervasive and debilitating problem that is perceived to be the result of fair rules but poor administration. Policy changes are needed to ensure fair opportunities for everyone. These include ensuring fair access to labor markets, facilitating access to assets ...

SUBJECT: world development report 2006

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository

The authors evaluate the effect of various community level infrastructure rehabilitation projects undertaken in rural Georgia on household well-being. Their analysis is based on combining household and community level survey data. The authors' empirical approach uses the panel structure of the data to control for time-invariant un-observables at the community level by applying propensit ...

SUBJECT: districts; living standards; project objectives; villages; pupils

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository

This report presents findings from a field-based survey on the conduct of agricultural operations at 39 large-scale, mature agribusiness investments in sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia. The objective of the report is to provide first-hand, practical knowledge of the approach, behavior, and experience of these investments, their relationships with surrounding communities and the con ...

SUBJECT: traditional investors; capital stock; land ownership; remote areas; environmental policies

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository

Hands-on Energy Adaptation Toolkit (HEAT) is an online resource that is designed to lead you through an assessment of climate vulnerabilities and adaptation options in your country's energy sector and raise awareness among key stakeholders. HEAT provides an interactive, step-by-step guide, as well as an analytical framework and support tools, to help policymakers consult with stakeholde ...

SUBJECT: implement adaptation; information on climate change; adaptation planning; coal; energy system

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository

In Uganda, efforts to decentralize the management of the extension service and to launch the village participation in land development exercise have led to a number of issues, outcomes and expectations. This overview looks at what can be realistically expected from the extension service (in terms of contact with farmers), from decentralization (in terms of management improvement), and f ...

SUBJECT: land development; rural development; majority of farmers; agriculture; farm families