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Written Paper

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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This study aims to build on the findings from the previously mentioned studies, and seeks to provide more detailed information on the costs of the various functions and categories of expenditure involved in the establishment and operation of system for the prevention and control of emerging zoonotic diseases at country and global level. It will also seek to provide information on effici ...

SUBJECT: human fatalities; virus; pandemic influenza; tetanus; influenza

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The study includes a conceptual overview of the link between climate impacts and human rights, focused on the relevant legal obligations underpinning the international law frameworks governing both human rights and climate change. As such it makes a significant contribution to the global debate on climate change and human rights by offering a comprehensive analysis of the international l ...

SUBJECT: gender differences; species; environmental policies; storm surges; climate system

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Disease risks to humans, animals, and plants are determined by interconnected environmental variables that affect incidence, transmission, and outbreak. Climate change affects many of the environmental variables that lead to disease. Regardless of the species involved, the impacts can ultimately affect the health, livelihood, and economic security of humans. The objective of this World ...

SUBJECT: virus; domestic animals; grazing lands; influenza; treatment

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Global efforts continue to work towards ensuring a world capable of preventing, detecting, and responding to animal and public health risks attributable to zoonoses and animal diseases. Drawing on achievements and experiences of the past five years, the fifth global progress report was produced to support the discussions and to provide a record of key outcomes from international ministe ...

SUBJECT: human fatalities; influenza experts; virus; disaster planning; pandemic influenza

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This report draws on a comprehensive review of the literature and on input from policy makers, researchers, and practitioners to address four questions: (1) how is the growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and road traffic injuries (RTIs) changing the epidemiology of Sub-Saharan Africa? (2) What determines and drives this burden, and what are the commonalities with communic ...

SUBJECT: cervical cancer; virus; chronic conditions; treatment; communicable disease

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Whether living in urban or rural environments, humans tend to perceive the world around them as being shaped by culture and industry more than by natural history. Humans, however, are part of a biological continuum that covers all living species. Charles Darwin's 200th birthday in 2009 could serve to remind us of this. All animals, including humans but also plants, fungi, and bacteria, ...

SUBJECT: virus; terrestrial animal; pandemic influenza; influenza; surveillance system

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The report discusses inter-related parts of blood transfusions systems, and presents an overview of the parts that need to be strengthened in Central Asia. Numerous parts are in serious need of organizational restructuring, new investment and increased budgetary support for operation and maintenance. This report sets them out such that each can be addressed in turn and some simultaneous ...

SUBJECT: blood transfusions; influenza; health authorities; treatment; preventable diseases

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This set of lectures is structured in accordance with the aforementioned objectives. It is divided into four parts. Part one examines the theoretical-methodological issues of development studies that remain largely a terra incognita for the Russian audience. The authors deliberately differentiated between two terms, development and international development assistance . The most volumin ...

SUBJECT: newborn; social consequences; social tensions; service delivery; common good

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Chronic Emergency : Why NCDs Matter

Nikolic, Irina A. et al. [2011-07]

'Chronic emergency: why non communicable diseases (NCDs) Matter' examines the magnitude of the challenge posed by NCDs in middle- and low-income countries, and makes the case for elevating the challenge as a priority item to address on the agenda of decision-makers. NCDs are on the rise in all middle- and low-income country regions. By 2030, NCDs are expected to account for three quarte ...

SUBJECT: lives of individuals; chronic conditions; health programs; communicable disease; international agreements

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This study estimates the nonmonetary, financial, and economic costs of poor sanitation in the areas of health, drinking water, and domestic water, as well as user preference and welfare. Financial costs refer to the direct financial expense paid in monetary terms by someone, such as changes in household and government spending and real income losses for households. Nonmonetary costs cons ...

SUBJECT: good sanitation; handwashing; population research; waste; morbidity

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