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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This report provides a short summary of the recent history of the seed industry. Although the informal seed system still accounts for an estimated 85 percent of planted seed, the formal sector has been transformed in 20 years from control by a monopoly parastatal to competition among 23 registered companies, with at least 5 or 6 being serious players. Significantly, the relief seed indu ...

SUBJECT: sunflower seed; finger millet; union for the protection of new varieties of plants; crop protection; crops

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Despite its vast agriculture potential, Africa is increasingly dependent on food imports from the rest of the world to satisfy its consumption needs. Food output has not kept pace with population growth, and more than 80 percent of production gains since 1980 have come from the expansion of cropped areas rather than from greater productivity of areas already cultivated. This paper looks ...

SUBJECT: farmer incomes; credit; plant pests; poor farmers; certification standards

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The need for countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to build more productive, modern, and market-oriented farming sectors is one of our most pressing development challenges. In coming years, African agriculture will have to increase food production and expand and intensify value chains in order to meet changing demand on the part of a rapidly expanding and urbanizing consumer base. The process ...

SUBJECT: consumer demand; transport services; opportunity costs; road network; transport rates

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Maize revolutions in Sub-Saharan Africa

Smale, Melinda et al. [2011-05-01]

There have been numerous episodes of widespread adoption of improved seed and long-term achievements in the development of the maize seed industry in Sub-Saharan Africa. This summary takes a circumspect view of technical change in maize production. Adoption of improved seed has continued to rise gradually, now representing an estimated 44 percent of maize area in Eastern and Southern Af ...

SUBJECT: logistics; poor farmers; urban consumers; cereal production; agricultural extension

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The importance of agriculture in the economies of sub-Saharan African countries cannot be overemphasized. With agriculture accounting for about 65 percent of the region's employment and 75 percent of its domestic trade, significant progress in reducing hunger and poverty across the region depends on the development and transformation of the agricultural sector. Transforming agriculture ...

SUBJECT: credit; laboratory tests; commercial agriculture; agricultural areas; poor farmers

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Agriculture plays an important role in the economies of most countries in Africa. However, few African countries have been able to capitalize on the sector's considerable potential to contribute to economic development through commercialization. Few have created an enabling environment for agricultural finance in which lenders and other agents are encouraged to develop innovative financ ...

SUBJECT: commercial vehicles; logging; barriers to entry; transport services; transport rates

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This report summarizes the main outputs of the technical assistance provided which was concentrated in three areas: (1) development of MAIL's strategic priorities and investments for the immediate future/short term, medium term and longer term; (2) advising Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) regarding the design of an appropriate structure of the Ministry and defin ...

SUBJECT: commercial agriculture; laboratory infrastructure; irrigation expansion; food storage; community participation

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Journal Article

Journal article

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Many transition and developing economies have reduced direct public involvement in the production and trade of seed and other agricultural inputs. This trend creates opportunities for farmers to realize improved access to inputs, including technology from international private research. Unfortunately, input regulations often derail these opportunities by blocking private entry and the i ...

SUBJECT: coarse cereals; international food policy research institute; new technology; gross domestic product; expenditure

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The Government of Malawi has since 2005 been pursuing a growth strategy mainly based on increasing the volume of agricultural exports. This entails that Malawi should endeavor to improve the competitiveness of its agricultural commodities so as to gain an increasing share of the regional and international markets. This paper analyzes the competitiveness of the country's key agricultural ...

SUBJECT: farmer incomes; commercial agriculture; variable costs; poor farmers; merchandise exports

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Although many developing countries have drafted legislation to address plant variety protection (PVP) requirements, relatively few have begun to implement PVP, and little guidance is available on appropriate strategies. This note looks at some of the key decisions facing agricultural policymakers in establishing a PVP regime, examines the implementation of PVP, assesses some of the impa ...

SUBJECT: agricultural economics; yields; commercial seed; innovation; poor farmers

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