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As countries develop, the demand for water increases while water supply becomes less certain and is often not enough to meet demand. In general, pressures from both environment and human activities can increase the likelihood of water scarcity. Such pressures include increased socio-economic development and population growth, change in people's diets, competition for available water amo ...

SUBJECT: industrial water; water right trading; deficit irrigation; organic carbon; distribution system

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The objective of the Functional Review of the Environment, Water and Forestry sector (FR-EWF) is to help the Government of Romania (GoR) develop an action plan for implementation over the short- and medium-term to strengthen the effectiveness and efficiency of the sector administration, and provide input to the Government National Reform Program (NRP 2011- 2013) and beyond, especially in ...

SUBJECT: large dams; pollutants; local communities; service delivery; waters

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The Nile Story is one of immense challenges and remarkable achievements for the economic development of the region. It begins in 1999, when the ministers in charge of water affairs in the Nile countries agreed to form the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI). Between 2003 and 2015, the Nile Basin Trust Fund (NBTF) supported and coordinated cooperative work in the region, which has been delivered ...

SUBJECT: credit; water scarcity; conservation of water; local communities; community participation

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A 2003 World Bank study, "Governance of Natural Resources in the Philippines," analyzed natural resources management and governance in the Philippines. It assessed sector policies, particularly property rights, institutions, and financing mechanisms as well as program implementation. The study concluded that implementation failures in the Department arose from: (a) Unclear institutional mandat ...

SUBJECT: forestry program; natural resource management; forest rangers; social forestry; community participation

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ELDIS

This report looks at possible ways for policy-makers and decision-takers to combat and/or prevent land degradation in the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) region, both generally and specifically in the following countries: Egypt, Jordan, Syria and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The report begins by reviewing the extent, causes and impact of land degradation and examines ...

SUBJECT: land management; resource management; participation; economic and social commission for western asia (escwa); egypt

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ELDIS

This book examines the gender dimensions of natural resource exploitation and management, with a focus on Asia. It explores the uneasy negotiations between theory, policy, and practice that are often evident within the realm of gender, environment, and natural resource management. It offers a critical feminist perspective on gender relations and natural resource management in the context of co ...

SUBJECT: resource management; agriculture and food.forest policies and management; food security.livelihoods; cambodia; environment.natural resource management.natural resource management forests

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China has very serious water problems despite substantial economic development achievements, strong technical expertise, and political stability. But in terms of its potential and the critical pressing needs for water resources management, China could do much better in managing its water resources. The World Bank's assistance to China in water resources development and management in the ...

SUBJECT: industrial water; municipal sewers; community participation; global water partnership; deficit irrigation

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Agricultural water management is a vital practice in ensuring reduction, and environmental protection. After decades of successfully expanding irrigation and improving productivity, farmers and managers face an emerging crisis in the form of poorly performing irrigation schemes, slow modernization, declining investment, constrained water availability, and environmental degradation. More ...

SUBJECT: basins; groundwater depletion; water scarcity; natural resource management; surface water

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The purpose of this paper is to outline an approach for Bank engagement in forests, trees, and woodlands on farms in Sub-Saharan Africa for the coming five years. The paper takes the framework of the Africa development strategy, which has two main pillars: supporting employment and competitiveness, and building resilience and reducing vulnerability; and one underlying foundation: streng ...

SUBJECT: conservation organizations; timber industries; degraded lands; forest biodiversity; participatory land use planning

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The Water Resources Sector Strategy (WRSS) supports implementation of the Bank's 1993 Water Resources Management Policy, using the experience updated internationally, with water resources and management. This country Water Resources Assistance Strategy (CWRAS) identifies the Philippines principal water resource challenges, the current situation, how the Bank is assisting at present, and ...

SUBJECT: raw water; sanitation services; local communities; community participation; global water partnership