Results 1 - 10 of 1,494
Artuc, Erhan et al. [2012-09]
A number of authors have argued that a worker's occupation of employment is at least as important as the worker's industry of employment in determining whether the worker will be hurt or helped by international trade. This paper investigates the role of occupational mobility on the effects of trade shocks on wage inequality in a dynamic, structural econometric model of worker adjustment ...
SUBJECT: wage effect; wage effects; wage losses; development economics; white collar workers
Projecting Demand for Skilled Foreign Labor and Meeting Skills Shortages : Selected Country Approach
Irving, Jacqueline [2013-01]
Policy makers apply skilled labor gap projections to their immigration policies in a number of ways including: differentiating immigration policies by region, based on skills supply and demand mismatches; introducing more flexibility in admissions policies to acquire specific skills; and designing programs to actively attract immigrants with specific needed skills to specific occupation ...
SUBJECT: migrant; informal sector; birth rates; labor markets; highly skilled workers
Pierre, Gaëlle [2012-05]
This paper provides an overview of the recent performance of the labor market in Vietnam during the Great Recession. The analysis uses data from the Labor Force Survey and the Vietnam Household Living Standard Survey. The author finds that, notwithstanding the global crisis and domestic volatility, job creation has been sustained in Vietnam, especially in the formal sector, but that the overal ...
SUBJECT: std; labor markets; gender differences; older workers; youth labor
Glinskaya, Elena et al. [2005-04]
The authors use 1993-94 and 1999-2000 India Employment and Unemployment surveys to investigate wage differentials between the public and private sectors as well as workers' decisions to join a particular sector. To obtain robust estimates of the wage differential, they apply three econometric techniques each relying on a different set of assumptions about the process of job selection. All thre ...
SUBJECT: informal sector; public sector; education level; policy implications; sector employment
Low Female Labor Force Participation in Sri Lanka : Contributory Factors, Challenges and Policy Implications
World Bank [2013-01]
Even though Sri Lanka is a fore-runner in many human development dimensions and aspects of gender equality amongst the South Asian countries, it is similar to other South Asian countries when it comes to women's participation in economic activities. Female labor force participation has not changed much in recent decades and remained stagnant at a rate around 30 to 35 percent of working ...
SUBJECT: std; labor markets; gender differences; finding employment; labor productivity growth
Dundar, Halil et al. [2014-05-21]
Despite internal conflict and the global financial crisis, Sri Lanka has made remarkable progress in the past decade, enjoying healthy economic growth and substantially reducing poverty. Moreover, Sri Lankans are the best-educated people in South Asia: the country has a 98 percent literacy rate, widespread access, high completion rates in both primary and secondary education, and gender ...
SUBJECT: student enrollment; curriculum; labor markets; vouchers; service training
Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, Elena et al. [2012-05-01]
Globally, over 40 million people have been forced to leave or flee their homes due to conflict, violence, and human rights violations either as refugees outside their country of origin or Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). A substantial number live in protracted displacement where return has not been possible.Forced displacement is a humanitarian crisis: but it also produces developme ...
SUBJECT: informal sector; crime; remittances; local communities; species
Export Liberalization, Job Creation and the Skill Premium : Evidence from the U.S.-Vietnam Bilateral Trade Agreement
Fukase, Emiko [2013-04]
This paper explores how the expansion of labor-intensive manufacturing exports resulting from the United States-Vietnam Bilateral Trade Agreement in 2001 translated into wages of skilled and unskilled workers and the skill premium in Vietnam through the channel of labor demand. In order to isolate the impacts of trade shock from the effects of other market-oriented reforms, a strategy of ...
SUBJECT: informal sector; wage convergence; export sectors; employment effects; labor markets
Docquier, Frederic et al. [2011-02-01]
Immigrants in Rome or Paris are more visible to the public eye than the Italian or French engineers in Silicon Valley, especially when it comes to the debate on the effects of immigration on the employment and wages of natives in high-income countries. This paper argues that such public fears, especially in European countries are misplaced; instead, more concern should be directed toward ...
SUBJECT: migrant; migration statistics; wage effect; labor markets; highly skilled workers
Sri Lanka - Demographic Transition : Facing the Challenges of an Aging Population with Few Resources
World Bank [2012-10]
As a result of low fertility rates and high life expectancy, the current demographic trends in Sri Lanka include a declining share of children and increasing share of elderly, and (for now) an increasing working age population. Sri Lanka has a unique window of opportunity to take advantage of the high share of working age population to stimulate economic growth, but the other two emergin ...
SUBJECT: cervical cancer; family ties; labor markets; service delivery; program design